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Vascular spasms temporary limit blood flow to tissue supplied by that vessel. The most common symptom is pain. Other symptoms are caused by lack of proper circulation and will vary depending on the specific organ affected:
When the spasm affects circulation in a limb, there may be pallor and a sensation of cold in that arm or leg. Limb function and movement will be impaired.
When the spasm affects circulation in the heart, there may be symptoms similar to a heart attack and irregular heartbeats. Other names for chest pain resulting from vascular spasm are Prinzmetal's angina and variant angina.
Signs and tests
These vary depending on the affected organ.
Esophageal spasms can cause a lot of pain, problems swallowing as well as vomiting. Unfortunately they are also more common in people with GERD or acid reflux disease. Normally the esophagus moves food through to the stomach in a coordinated way. This process is called peristalsis. Esophageal spasms can interrupt this process and cause a host of problems. Some of the symptoms of esophageal spasms include: vomiting, squeezing chest pain, problems swallowing, feeling like food is stuck in your throat. These symptoms must be evaluated by a physician to determine the cause and rule out heart related chest pain.
One of the best tests for diagnosing esophageal spasms is called esophageal manometry. During an esophageal manometry test a tube is placed into the esophagus to asses the effectiveness of your esophageal muscles. Other testing might include: tests to rule out heart disease, x-rays or a barium swallow and a scope or Esophagogast...
Definition Coronary artery spasm is a temporary, sudden narrowing of one of the coronary arteries (the arteries that supply blood to the heart). The spasm slows or stops blood flow through the artery and starves part of the heart of oxygen-rich blood. Alternative Names Variant angina; Angina - variant; Prinzmetal's angina Causes, incidence, and risk factors The spasm often occurs in coronary arteries that have not become hardened due to plaque buildup ( atherosclerosis ). However, it also can occur in arteries with plaque buildup. A contraction (squeezing) of muscles in the artery wall causes these spasms in the arteries. The contraction occurs in just one area of the artery. The coronary artery may appear normal during angiography , but it does not function normally. Coronary artery spasm affects approximately 4 out of 100,000 people. About 2% of patients with angina have coronary artery spasm. Coronary artery spasm occurs most commonly in people who smoke or who have high cholesterol or high ...
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