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Vascular spasms temporary limit blood flow to tissue supplied by that vessel. The most common symptom is pain. Other symptoms are caused by lack of proper circulation and will vary depending on the specific organ affected:
When the spasm affects circulation in a limb, there may be pallor and a sensation of cold in that arm or leg. Limb function and movement will be impaired.
When the spasm affects circulation in the heart, there may be symptoms similar to a heart attack and irregular heartbeats. Other names for chest pain resulting from vascular spasm are Prinzmetal's angina and variant angina.
Signs and tests
These vary depending on the affected organ.
Esophageal spasms can cause a lot of pain, problems swallowing as well as vomiting. Unfortunately they are also more common in people with GERD or acid reflux disease. Normally the esophagus moves food through to the stomach in a coordinated way. This process is called peristalsis. Esophageal spasms can interrupt this process and cause a host of problems. Some of the symptoms of esophageal spasms include: vomiting, squeezing chest pain, problems swallowing, feeling like food is stuck in your throat. These symptoms must be evaluated by a physician to determine the cause and rule out heart related chest pain.
One of the best tests for diagnosing esophageal spasms is called esophageal manometry. During an esophageal manometry test a tube is placed into the esophagus to asses the effectiveness of your esophageal muscles. Other testing might include: tests to rule out heart disease, x-rays or a barium swallow and a scope or Esophagogast...
Definition Muscle function loss is when a muscle doesn't work or move normally. The medical term for complete loss of muscle function is paralysis. Alternative Names Paralysis; Paresis; Loss of movement; Motor dysfunction Considerations Loss of muscle function may be caused by: A disease of the muscle itself (myopathy) A disease of the nervous system: nerve damage (neuropathy), or spinal cord injury, or brain damage ( stroke or other brain injury) The loss of muscle function after these types of events can be severe, and often will not completely return. Paralysis can be temporary or permanent. It can affect a small area (localized) or be widespread (generalized). It may affect one side (unilateral) or both sides (bilateral). If the paralysis affects the lower half of the body and both legs it is called paraplegia. It if affects both arms and legs, it is called quadriplegia. If the paralysis affects the muscles that cause breathing, it is quickly life threatening. Common Causes Diseases of the mus...
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