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Sciatica is pain that radiates along the path of the sciatic nerve and it's branches. Your sciatic nerve is the longest nerve in your body. It runs from your spinal cord to your buttock and hip area and down the back of each leg.
Sciatica is a symptom not a disorder. The pain associated with sciatica signals another problem involving the nerve, the most common being a herniated disc. Another common cause of sciatica is called periformis syndrome. The piriformis muscle extends from the side of the sacrum to the top of the thighbones at the hip joint and passes over the sciatic nerve. When a tight or short piriformis muscle is stretched it can compress and irritate the sciatic nerve. This can happen to athletes who overuse and stretch the piriformis. Other causes of piriformis syndrome are habitually standing with toes turned out, over use without proper warm up, prolonged sitting and obesity. It can also be caused by an injury or in many cases it develops from general wear and tear on ...
Resources www.niams.nih.gov -- National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases www.aaos.org -- American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons www.arthritis.org -- Arthritis Foundation www.spine.org -- North American Spine Society www.apta.org -- American Physical Therapy Association www.ampainsoc.org -- American Pain Society www.theacpa.org -- American Chronic Pain Association www.iasp-pain.org -- International Association for the Study of Pain
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