Primates, including human beings, are separated from the rest of the animal kingdom by one important digit - the first digit, the thumb. Imagine trying to hold onto a needle, a pen, or a hammer without a thumb; nearly impossible. That is why when the thumb becomes painful and useless a person can lose a job, lose a hobby, and lose the ability to live independently. Three common conditions affect the thumb: arthritis , de Quervain's Tendonitis, and carpal tunnel syndrome . Unfortunately, these three conditions usually go hand-in-hand and attack the same thumb.
In order to understand the thumb, one must know about the most important joint which is at the base of the thumb and called the carpometacarpal joint (CMC joint). The first CMC joint is the only CMC joint that has full range of motion: abduction, adduction, flexion, extension, and rotation. This motion is what gives the thumb full function for grasping, holding, pinching, and squeezing. And out of all the motions of the thum...
Definition Volkmann's contracture is a deformity of the hand, fingers, and wrist caused by injury to the muscles of the forearm. See also: Compartment syndrome Alternative Names Ischemic contracture Causes, incidence, and risk factors Volkmann's contracture occurs when there is a lack of blood flow (ischemia) to the forearm. This usually occurs when there is increased pressure due to swelling, a condition called compartment syndrome. Trauma to the arm, including a crush injury or fracture, can lead to swelling that presses on blood vessels and can decrease blood flow to the arm. A prolonged decrease in blood flow will injure the nerves and muscles, causing them to become stiff (scarred) and shortened. When the muscle shortens, it pulls on the joint at the end of the muscle just as it would if it were normally contracted. But because it is stiff, the joint remains bent and cannot straighten. This condition is called a contracture. In Volkmann's contracture, the muscles of the forearm are severe...
Generic Name: METHYLSALICYLATE/MENTHOL - TOPICAL Pronounced: (METH-ill-sal-ISS-ill-ate/MEN-thall) Muscle Rub Top Uses
This product is used to treat minor aches and pains of the
muscles/joints (e.g., arthritis, backache, sprains). Menthol and methyl
salicylate are known as counterirritants. They work by causing the skin to feel
cool and then warm. These feelings on the skin distract you from feeling the
aches/pains deeper in your muscles, joints, and tendons.
How To Use Muscle Rub Top
Follow all directions on the product package. If you are
uncertain about any of the information, consult your doctor or
This medication is for use on the skin only. Do not apply
near the eyes, mouth, nose, or genitals, and be careful not to touch those
areas while the medication is on your hands. If you do get the medication in
those areas, flush with plenty of water. Wash your hands well before inserting
If you are usin...
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