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Alternative Names Withdrawal from nicotine; Smoking - nicotine addiction and withdrawal; Smokeless tobacco - nicotine addiction; Cigar smoking; Pipe smoking; Smokeless snuff; Tobacco use; Chewing tobacco Symptoms Nicotine use can have many different effects on body functions, both positive and negative. Nicotine acts as both a stimulant and depressant on your body. The use of nicotine: Decreases the appetite (for this reason, the fear of weight gain affects some people's willingness to stop smoking). Boosts mood and may even relieve minor depression. Many people will feel a sense of well-being. Raises the blood level of blood sugar (glucose) and increases insulin production. Increases bowel activity, saliva, and phlegm. Increases heart rate by around 10 to 20 beats per minute. Increases blood pressure by 5 to 10 mmHg (because it tightens the blood vessels). May cause sweating, nausea, and diarrhea. Stimulates memory and alertness. People who use tobacco often depend on it to help them accomplish...
The goals of treatment are to reduce the immediate withdrawal symptoms, prevent complications, and begin long-term therapy to promote abstinence (no drinking at all).
People with moderate-to-severe symptoms of alcohol withdrawal may need inpatient treatment at a hospital or other facility that treats alcohol withdrawal. Others who may need inpatient treatment include those who:
Have a mental health disorder, such as schizophrenia or bipolar disorder
Have failed outpatient treatment for alcoholism or alcohol withdrawal
Have serious medical problems
May be harmful to themselves or others
Treatment at an inpatient center will include medical monitoring and treatment of alcohol symptoms.
Monitoring of blood pressure, body temperature, heart rate, and blood levels of different chemicals in the body will take place. The person will be watched closely for hallucinations and other signs of delirium tremens .
Prevention Avoid cocaine use. If you have previously used cocaine and wish to stop, try to avoid people, places, and things you associate with the drug. If you find yourself considering the euphoria produced by cocaine, force yourself to think of the negative consequences that follow its use. Group participation is helpful for many people. References Doyon S. Opiods. In: Tintinalli JE, Kelen GD, Stapczynski JS, Ma OJ, Cline DM, eds. Emergency Medicine: A Comprehensive Study Guide . 6th ed. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill; 2004:chap 167.
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