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Chronic kidney disease in itself has been found to be an independent predictor for the development of heart disease and is associated with an overall poorer prognosis. This effect occurs throughout the entire spectrum of kidney failure ranging from those with mild kidney disease to even those who have had successful kidney transplants. In one study of a million people with kidney failure who were not yet on dialysis, the risk of developing atherosclerosis was almost 35 times more likely than the risk of needing some type of kidney replacement therapy. In fact, the American National Kidney Foundation, the American College of Cardiology, and the American Heart Association consider people with chronic kidney disease to be at equal risk of a future cardiovascular event when compared to those who have already had a heart attack.Many conditions that confer increased heart disease risk can also lead to chronic kidney damage. Some common examples are high blood pressur...
Parents and doctors beware! Antibiotic use during the first year of life probably does cause asthma!
There is enough research now that we can definitely say probably. General thinking for years has been that if a child has an infection it should be treated with antibiotics. Yet newer evidence is leaning in the direction that while antibiotics cure an acute infection, it may cause asthma later on.
The most recent study was completed by Yale University researchers, and they interviewed women during pregnancy and when the child was 6-years-old. Of the 1,401 studied:
40 percent of infants given just one dose of antibiotics developed childhood asthma and allergies.
70 percent of infants given two rounds of antibiotics developed asthma
These are pretty significant statistics, and they correlate well with past studies like this one completed in 2007 at the University of Manitoba and McGill University in Montreal.
We already know that overuse of antibiotics can instigate growth of bacteria that are resistant to conventional antibiotic treatments. In fact, the nosocomial infection rate in hospitals that contributes to hospital-acquired infections is partially due to an environment that routinely uses antibiotics. So it should come as no surprise that growing antibiotic use might be suspect in other conditions.
Martin Blaser M.D., head of the Department of Internal Medicine at New York University's Langone Medical Center, recently wrote a commentary in Nature suggesting that overuse of antibiotics may be helping to fuel conditions like diabetes, inflammatory bowel disease, allergies, asthma and obesity. He notes in the commentary that these conditions have nearly doubled in many populations over the past several decades. Though experts certainly identify a myriad of contributing causes, he now adds the "killing of healthy bacteria or flora" as an additional theoretical contributor to the p...
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