This study continues the work already done investigating the use of botulinum type A toxin (Botox A) for relief of muscle pain. A specific Botox agent called Dysport ® was used in patients with upper back pain. Dysport® has a much higher biologically active dosage compared to Botox®. All patients had been diagnosed with a condition called myofascial pain syndrome (MPS). MPS is described as chronic muscle pain from shortened or contracted muscles. Trigger points (TrPs) are often part of the clinical picture. TrPs are areas of hyperirritable spots. When pressed or stimulated, TrPs cause a predictable pain pattern. Patients included were men and women between the ages of 18 and 70 years. All had MPS with at least 10 TrPs present in the neck or upper back. Symptoms had been reported for at least six months. Each patient was given a single injection of Dysport® into the 10 most painful TrPs. Pain level after five weeks was the main result measured. Change in pain intensity and number of pain-...
Armpit discomfort, including pain, swelling, and a feeling of fullness or numbness, can happen after the following surgeries to treat breast cancer:
lymph node removal
Some of the nerves in your armpit may be cut during surgery, which can cause numbness. If your surgeon had to move around some of the tissue under the surface of your skin, the area may feel tender and swollen.
Your armpit skin is close to your breast, so during radiation your armpit may get irritated and sore while you're being treated. In addition to the radiation, your arm rubbing back and forth on the skin, along with the sweat and hair that's there can make the area more irritated than your breast.
Managing armpit discomfort
Use cornstarch instead of deodorant or antiperspirant to reduce friction of your arm rubbing on the skin. For easy application, put some cornstarch into a thin sock or knee-high and tie a knot at the top. Tap the sock gently against your skin.
Avoid strong soaps, antip...
Knee pain is well known to many athletes. It is also a common complaint in the general population. Pain with stair climbing, sitting too long, squatting, and kneeling is a sign of patellofemoral pain syndrome (PFPS). This problem occurs when the kneecap (patella) doesn't slide up and down properly as the knee is straightened and bent. The thigh muscle, called the quadriceps , moves the patella. This muscle is divided into four parts. Two of these, the vastus medialis obliquus and vastus lateralis, are the focus of many studies. The vastus medialis obliquus (VMO) is the section of muscle on the inside of the front of the thigh. The vastus lateralis (VL) is along the outer front thigh. For many years, it was assumed that strengthening the VMO portion of the muscle would help PFPS. Yet some research showed this wasn't true. Since then, many researchers have been studying the VMO in relation to knee problems. They are trying to find out when and how this muscle works. This may offer some hel...
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