Muscle pain happens to most people. After a rigorous workout, muscles can be sore for days. That’s normal muscle pain. Abnormal muscle pain is a persistent pain that does not go away with rest. The pain is deep and often unbearable. Further investigation is needed for abnormal muscle pain.
The first investigation step is laboratory tests. Pain does not accompany all muscle diseases, but an elevated creatine phosphokinase (CPK) usually does. The CPK enzyme is found in the skeletal muscles as well as the heart and brain. Non-painful causes of an elevated CPK include muscular dystrophy, dementia and motor neuron diseases. Painful conditions associated with an elevated CPK include sickle cell disease and polymyositis . Besides pain, other symptoms might provide diagnostic clues like muscle weakness which typical in polymyositis. If anemia is present, then sickle cell disease is more likely. Both polymyositis and sickle cell disease can lead to the most severe form of muscle di...
Tough workouts can leave you sore for days afterwards, so sore that walking, dressing and sleeping become difficult to do. Even the professional athletes cannot avoid the muscle pain that comes after strenuous physical exertion. But everyone can ease the discomfort with massage therapy.
Physical exertion causes muscle pain for 5 to 7 days because of a series of reactions that take place in the body. First, there is an inflammatory reaction to extreme muscle work. Inflammation causes swelling and soreness immediately. This is followed by oxidative stress from free radicals and lactic acid build up. As a result of both the inflammation and oxidative stress, blood flow to the area is impeded. The lack of blood to the muscle is ultimately what leads to soreness for days.
Massage therapy targets this mechanism that causes muscle pain after physical exertion. There are many different types of massage therapy. The most popular style is Swedish massage. This soft, kneading style...
Alternative Names Muscle pain; Myalgia; Pain - muscles Prevention Warm up before exercising and cool down afterward. Stretch before and after exercising. Drink lots of fluids before, during, and after exercise. If you work in the same position most of the day (like sitting at a computer), stretch at least every hour. References Buttaravoli P. Muscle strains and tears. In: Buttaravoli P, ed. Minor Emergencies . 2nd ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Mosby Elsevier; 2007:chap 122. Buttaravoli P. Myofascial pain syndrome, fibromyalgia: (Trigger points). In: Buttaravoli P, ed. Minor Emergencies . 2nd ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Mosby Elsevier; 2007:chap 123.
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