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Alternative Names Discharge from the vagina Prevention References Anderson M, Karasz A, Friedland S. Are vaginal symptoms ever normal? A review of the literature. MedGenMed . 2004;6(4):49. Eckert LO, Lentz GM. Infections of the lower genital tract: vulva, vagina, cervix, toxic shock syndrome, HIV infections. In: Katz VL, Lentz GM, Lobo RA, Gershenson DM, eds. Comprehensive Gynecology . 5th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Mosby Elsevier; 2007:chap 22. Sanfilippo JS. Vulvovaginitis. In: Kliegman RM, Behrman RE, Jenson HB, Stanton BF, eds. Nelson Textbook of Pediatrics. 18th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Saunders Elsevier; 2007:chap 549. Spence D, Melville C. Vaginal discharge. BMJ . 2007;335:1147-1151.
Definition Atrophic vaginitis is inflammation of the vagina due to thinning tissue and decreased lubrication. It is related to reduced estrogen levels. For other types and causes of vaginitis, see: Vulvovaginitis Alternative Names Vaginitis - atrophic; Vaginitis due to reduced estrogen Causes, incidence, and risk factors Atrophic vaginitis is caused by a decrease in estrogen. Estrogen levels normally drop after menopause . Estrogen is very important in keeping the tissues of the vagina lubricated and healthy. Normally, the lining of the vagina makes a clear, lubricating fluid. This fluid makes sexual intercourse more comfortable and helps decrease vaginal irritation.Thinning or shrinking of the vaginal tissue causes dryness and inflammation. The following may cause estrogen levels to drop and lead to atrophic vaginitis: Medications or hormones used to decrease estrogen levels in women, as part of the treatment for breast cancer, endometriosis, fibroids, or infertility Radiation treatment to the ...
Today, treatments for yeast infections are available in your grocery store or pharmacy, over-the-counter. You don’t need to see a doctor in order to buy a treatment kit and use it. Because yeast infections are common, this helps millions of women. However, there are times when you should see a doctor before purchasing and using the medication.
What Are Vaginal Yeast Infections?
Yeast is a type of fungus. A yeast infection is caused when you have an overgrowth of the fungus called candida albicans in your vagina. Symptoms of a yeast infection include:
Redness, soreness and swelling of the vagina and vulva
Pain during sex or when urinating
Thick, white discharge that resembles cottage cheese
Rash on the vagina
You may have all of these symptoms or just a few. Symptoms can be mild or severe. Approximately three-fourths of women will have a yeast infection sometime in their life. Yeast infections are not STIs and are rarely transmitted during sex. Yeast infections can be uncomf...
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