Definition Pelvic laparoscopy is a surgical procedure that examines and treats pelvic organs through a small surgical viewing instrument (laparoscope) inserted into the abdomen at the navel. Alternative Names Celioscopy; Band-aid surgery; Pelviscopy; Gynecologic laparoscopy; Exploratory laparoscopy - gynecologic Description While you are deep asleep and pain-free under general anesthesia , the doctor makes a half-inch surgical cut in the skin below the belly button. Carbon dioxide gas is pumped into the abdomen to help the doctor see the organs more easily. The laparoscope, an instrument that looks like a small telescope with a light and a video camera, is inserted so the doctor can view the area. Other instruments may be inserted through other small cuts in the lower abdomen. While watching a video monitor, the doctor is able to: Get tissue samples ( biopsy ) Look around and diagnose the cause of any symptoms Remove scar tissue or other abnormal tissue, such as from endometriosis Repair or remove ...
PID; Oophoritis; Salpingitis; Salpingo-oophoritis; Salpingo-peritonitis
The most common symptoms of PID include:
Fever (not always present; may come and go)
Pain or tenderness in the pelvis, lower abdomen, or sometimes the lower back
with abnormal color, texture, or smell
Other symptoms that may occur with PID:
Bleeding after intercourse
Frequent or painful urination
Increased menstrual cramping
Irregular menstrual bleeding or spotting
Lack of appetite
Nausea, with or without vomiting
Painful sexual intercourse
Note: There may be no symptoms. People who experience an ectopic pregnancy or infertility often have had silent PID, which is usually caused by chlamydia infection.
Signs and tests
You may have a fever and abdominal tenderness . A pelvic examination may s...
Resources www.niams.nih.gov -- National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases www.aaos.org -- American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons www.arthritis.org -- Arthritis Foundation www.spine.org -- North American Spine Society www.apta.org -- American Physical Therapy Association www.ampainsoc.org -- American Pain Society www.theacpa.org -- American Chronic Pain Association www.iasp-pain.org -- International Association for the Study of Pain
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