Definition Pelvic laparoscopy is a surgical procedure that examines and treats pelvic organs through a small surgical viewing instrument (laparoscope) inserted into the abdomen at the navel. Alternative Names Celioscopy; Band-aid surgery; Pelviscopy; Gynecologic laparoscopy; Exploratory laparoscopy - gynecologic Description While you are deep asleep and pain-free under general anesthesia , the doctor makes a half-inch surgical cut in the skin below the belly button. Carbon dioxide gas is pumped into the abdomen to help the doctor see the organs more easily. The laparoscope, an instrument that looks like a small telescope with a light and a video camera, is inserted so the doctor can view the area. Other instruments may be inserted through other small cuts in the lower abdomen. While watching a video monitor, the doctor is able to: Get tissue samples ( biopsy ) Look around and diagnose the cause of any symptoms Remove scar tissue or other abnormal tissue, such as from endometriosis Repair or remove ...
PID; Oophoritis; Salpingitis; Salpingo-oophoritis; Salpingo-peritonitis
The most common symptoms of PID include:
Fever (not always present; may come and go)
Pain or tenderness in the pelvis, lower abdomen, or sometimes the lower back
with abnormal color, texture, or smell
Other symptoms that may occur with PID:
Bleeding after intercourse
Frequent or painful urination
Increased menstrual cramping
Irregular menstrual bleeding or spotting
Lack of appetite
Nausea, with or without vomiting
Painful sexual intercourse
Note: There may be no symptoms. People who experience an ectopic pregnancy or infertility often have had silent PID, which is usually caused by chlamydia infection.
Signs and tests
You may have a fever and abdominal tenderness . A pelvic examination may s...
Highlights Overview: Back pain can be acute, subacute, or chronic, and more commonly occurs in the lower area of the back.
Acute back pain develops suddenly and lasts up to several weeks. Acute pain is the most common type of back pain. Subacute back pain is pain that lasts up to three months. Chronic back pain can begin abruptly or gradually, linger, subside and then come back, but it lasts longer than 3 months. With proper self-care, most acute cases resolve within 4 - 6 weeks. Two-thirds of those patients, however, will experience another episode of back pain within 12 months. Diagnosis: A medical history and a brief physical examination is always necessary for both acute and chronic back pain. The main goal of a physical exam is to try and determine the source of the pain and to detect warning symptoms. Imaging techniques such as x-rays or scans are rarely recommended in the first month unless the health care provider suspects a serious problem such as a tumor, fracture, infection, caud...
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