Alternative Names Swelling of the ankles - feet - legs; Ankle swelling; Foot swelling; Leg swelling; Edema - peripheral; Peripheral edema Prevention Avoid sitting or standing without moving for prolonged periods of time. When flying, stretch your legs often and get up to walk when possible. When driving, stop to stretch and walk every hour or so. Avoid wearing restrictive clothing or garters around your thighs. Exercise regularly. Lose weight if you need to. References Goldman L. Approach to the patient with possible cardiovascular disease. In: Goldman L, Ausiello D, eds. Cecil Medicine . 23rd ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Saunders Elsevier; 2007:chap 48.
RF. ESR. Anti-CCP. ANA. CPR. No, these aren’t codes used by secret agents to communicate their missions. They’re names of blood tests used in diagnosing and managing rheumatoid arthritis. When you’re new to this disease, they can seem as mysterious and impenetrable as a secret language. What do they measure? What do the numbers mean? What’s normal, what isn’t? This post is all about demystifying RA blood tests .
RA Blood Tests
There are a number of blood tests that can be used when doctors are trying to find out if you have RA, as well as indicators of how the disease is managed. Some of the most common blood tests are:
Rheumatoid Factor (RF) . RF is a type of antibody that may be associated with inflammation. This is usually one of the first tests your family doctor will order if they suspect you might have inflammatory arthritis. However, it’s important to know that 20-30 percent of people with RA are negative for RF (also called seron...
The main advantage of ankle replacement surgery is to relieve ankle arthritis pain and to preserve motion in the ankle joint. The alternative to ankle replacement surgery is ankle fusion. Ankle fusion is a more traditional surgery for ankle arthritis; in this procedure the cartilage is shaved off the bones of the ankle joint, which are then allowed to heal together. This eliminates the painful arthritic surfaces from rubbing on each other, however it comes at the expense of motion. Another downside of fusion of the ankle is that the ankle will be permanently stiff, and can lead to arthritis in adjacent joints. Ankle replacement surgery, however, can reduce this occurrence and allow motion of the ankle. Indeed, after ankle replacement surgery patients will be able to bear weight and walk without pain in the ankle. Most patients can resume daily activities without the use of pain medications .
While there are many pros to ankle replacement surgery, there are cons to consider as well. S...
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