Because bruises are usually the direct result of an injury, the following are important safety recommendations:
Teach children how to be safe.
Be mindful to avoid falls around the house. For example, be careful when climbing on ladders or other objects. Avoid standing or kneeling on counter-tops.
Wear seat belts in motor vehicles.
Wear proper sports equipment to pad those areas most frequently bruised (thigh pads, hip guards, and elbow pads in football and hockey; shin guards and knee pads in soccer and basketball).
Ballas M, Kraut EH. Bleeding and bruising: a diagnostic work-up. Am Fam Physician . 2008 Apr 15;77(8):1117-24.
Brinker MR, OConnor DP, Almekinders LC, et al. Physiology of Injury to Musculoskeletal Structures: 1. Muscle and Tendon Injury. In: DeLee JC, Drez D Jr, Miller MD, eds. DeLee and Drezs Orthopaedic Sports Medicine. 3rd ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Saun...
Falling down is more than a matter of getting up and dusting off. A fall can trigger an avalanche of health problems that occasionally lead to death or permanent disability. For this reason, fall prevention has become a top priority for healthcare providers and insurance companies. The first step towards prevention is risk assessment. Understanding who is at higher risk for falling down helps to create plans that can reduce the risk. One group of people at high risk for falling is those that experience pain.
People in pain are more likely to have difficulty walking and moving; thus, maintaining balance and recovering from a momentary stumble is more difficult than once upon a time when the reflexes were quick and the body was nimble. The older a person, the higher the fall risk largely because of painful conditions. Foot pain seems to generate the highest risk. The loss of stability and strength in the foot leads imbalance and immobility. Knee pain is also known to increase the...
If you are getting older, then you might want to read about how to prevent knee pain. Since none of us are getting any younger, I guess everyone should read this; our knees are just getting older like the rest of our parts. Here are a few tips to help you avoid knee pain.
Keep Your Legs Strong: Those big thigh muscles really do support the knee when you’re walking, lifting, climbing and squatting. A simple but effective exercise is simply doing a short-arc knee extension while your knee is supported on a pillow; ankle weights are optional.
Be Kind to Your Knees: The days of old when you could pound the pavement are gone. Now, as you are getting older, there is less cushioning in your knees. Runners might need to switch to biking or swimming. Tennis players might need to switch to playing doubles or find a different more knee-friendly sport.
Wear Good Shoes: Time and time again, someone complaining of knee pain is wearing flip-flops, a shoe that is in the Hall of Sham...
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