Because bruises are usually the direct result of an injury, the following are important safety recommendations:
Teach children how to be safe.
Be mindful to avoid falls around the house. For example, be careful when climbing on ladders or other objects. Avoid standing or kneeling on counter-tops.
Wear seat belts in motor vehicles.
Wear proper sports equipment to pad those areas most frequently bruised (thigh pads, hip guards, and elbow pads in football and hockey; shin guards and knee pads in soccer and basketball).
Ballas M, Kraut EH. Bleeding and bruising: a diagnostic work-up. Am Fam Physician . 2008 Apr 15;77(8):1117-24.
Brinker MR, OConnor DP, Almekinders LC, et al. Physiology of Injury to Musculoskeletal Structures: 1. Muscle and Tendon Injury. In: DeLee JC, Drez D Jr, Miller MD, eds. DeLee and Drezs Orthopaedic Sports Medicine. 3rd ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Saun...
Did you know that the bone can get bruised? Now that we have technology like magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), discoveries like bone bruising are possible. What does it look like on the MRI? MRIs are made of signals that show up as an image on the computer screen. The signals have various levels of intensity from light to dark. Changes in the signal pattern alert the radiologist to any problems. In the case of bone bruises, blood pooling, fluid build up (swelling), and increased blood flow to the area show up on the MRI. Water that moves seen within the bone marrow (center of the bone) is another sign of bone bruising. If the injury is severe enough, there can even be tiny fracture lines in the bone referred to as microfractures . Traumatic bone bruises of the knee are the subject of this article written by two orthopedic surgeons. One surgeon is from Harvard Medical School (Boston). The other hails from Vanderbilt Sports Medicine Center at the Vanderbilt University Medical Center in Nas...
A person over the age of 65 is at a higher risk of falling. That risk increases substantially if that person who is over 65 also has osteoarthritis. Of the people who do fall, one in 40 will be hospitalized 1 and of those, half will be dead within the year. Yes, falling is a deadly serious problem.
Why is the risk of falling higher when someone has arthritis? Anyone one who has osteoarthritis in the knees, hips, back, or ankles will tell you that walking becomes more difficult. As mobility becomes more difficult, tripping on that darn rug gets easier. The more joints involved, the more the risk of falling increases. Pain makes matters even worse. And sometimes joint replacement surgery makes falling more likely.
Just when you thought surgery was supposed to help the situation, one study showed that an elderly individual was much more likely to fall within the year after having a knee replaced. 2 The problem with that new knee is that the range of motion can be rather limit...
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