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Because bruises are usually the direct result of an injury, the following are important safety recommendations:
Teach children how to be safe.
Be mindful to avoid falls around the house. For example, be careful when climbing on ladders or other objects. Avoid standing or kneeling on counter-tops.
Wear seat belts in motor vehicles.
Wear proper sports equipment to pad those areas most frequently bruised (thigh pads, hip guards, and elbow pads in football and hockey; shin guards and knee pads in soccer and basketball).
Ballas M, Kraut EH. Bleeding and bruising: a diagnostic work-up. Am Fam Physician . 2008 Apr 15;77(8):1117-24.
Brinker MR, OConnor DP, Almekinders LC, et al. Physiology of Injury to Musculoskeletal Structures: 1. Muscle and Tendon Injury. In: DeLee JC, Drez D Jr, Miller MD, eds. DeLee and Drezs Orthopaedic Sports Medicine. 3rd ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Saun...
Falling down is more than a matter of getting up and dusting off. A fall can trigger an avalanche of health problems that occasionally lead to death or permanent disability. For this reason, fall prevention has become a top priority for healthcare providers and insurance companies. The first step towards prevention is risk assessment. Understanding who is at higher risk for falling down helps to create plans that can reduce the risk. One group of people at high risk for falling is those that experience pain.
People in pain are more likely to have difficulty walking and moving; thus, maintaining balance and recovering from a momentary stumble is more difficult than once upon a time when the reflexes were quick and the body was nimble. The older a person, the higher the fall risk largely because of painful conditions. Foot pain seems to generate the highest risk. The loss of stability and strength in the foot leads imbalance and immobility. Knee pain is also known to increase the...
Definition Alternative Names Ecchymosis treatment; Hematoma or contusion treatment Information Question: Is there a way to reduce black-and-blue bruises caused by trauma? Answer: Apply ice packs to the injured body area immediately after the injury and apply pressure. The ice pack should be kept on for at least 20 minutes initially, and then for 20 minutes every hour while you are awake for the next 24 hours, to be most effective. After that, it should be replaced with a heat pack, following the same schedule as for the ice pack, for the next 48 hours. The bruise must still undergo the normal stages of healing, but applying heat may speed up the process. The bruise will change color from red to purple to yellow to brown before disappearing, but faint discoloration may persist for several weeks or months. See: Bruising Seek help from a health care provider if: The bruise is a result of a recent procedure or surgery The injury is due to severe trauma There are bruise marks that do not resolve with ...
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