Because bruises are usually the direct result of an injury, the following are important safety recommendations:
Teach children how to be safe.
Be mindful to avoid falls around the house. For example, be careful when climbing on ladders or other objects. Avoid standing or kneeling on counter-tops.
Wear seat belts in motor vehicles.
Wear proper sports equipment to pad those areas most frequently bruised (thigh pads, hip guards, and elbow pads in football and hockey; shin guards and knee pads in soccer and basketball).
Ballas M, Kraut EH. Bleeding and bruising: a diagnostic work-up. Am Fam Physician . 2008 Apr 15;77(8):1117-24.
Brinker MR, OConnor DP, Almekinders LC, et al. Physiology of Injury to Musculoskeletal Structures: 1. Muscle and Tendon Injury. In: DeLee JC, Drez D Jr, Miller MD, eds. DeLee and Drezs Orthopaedic Sports Medicine. 3rd ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Saun...
A person over the age of 65 is at a higher risk of falling. That risk increases substantially if that person who is over 65 also has osteoarthritis. Of the people who do fall, one in 40 will be hospitalized 1 and of those, half will be dead within the year. Yes, falling is a deadly serious problem.
Why is the risk of falling higher when someone has arthritis? Anyone one who has osteoarthritis in the knees, hips, back, or ankles will tell you that walking becomes more difficult. As mobility becomes more difficult, tripping on that darn rug gets easier. The more joints involved, the more the risk of falling increases. Pain makes matters even worse. And sometimes joint replacement surgery makes falling more likely.
Just when you thought surgery was supposed to help the situation, one study showed that an elderly individual was much more likely to fall within the year after having a knee replaced. 2 The problem with that new knee is that the range of motion can be rather limit...
If you are getting older, then you might want to read about how to prevent knee pain. Since none of us are getting any younger, I guess everyone should read this; our knees are just getting older like the rest of our parts. Here are a few tips to help you avoid knee pain.
Keep Your Legs Strong: Those big thigh muscles really do support the knee when you’re walking, lifting, climbing and squatting. A simple but effective exercise is simply doing a short-arc knee extension while your knee is supported on a pillow; ankle weights are optional.
Be Kind to Your Knees: The days of old when you could pound the pavement are gone. Now, as you are getting older, there is less cushioning in your knees. Runners might need to switch to biking or swimming. Tennis players might need to switch to playing doubles or find a different more knee-friendly sport.
Wear Good Shoes: Time and time again, someone complaining of knee pain is wearing flip-flops, a shoe that is in the Hall of Sham...
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