Stools - bloody; Hematochezia; Melena; Stools - black or tarry
Call your health care provider if
Call your doctor immediately if you notice blood or changes in the color of your stool. Even if you think that hemorrhoids are causing the blood in your stool, your doctor should examine you to make sure that there is no other, more serious cause present.
In children, a small amount of blood in the stool is usually not serious. The most common causes are constipation and milk allergies. However, it is still worth reporting to your doctor, even if no evaluation is needed.
What to expect at your health care provider's office
Your doctor will take a medical history and perform a physical examination, focusing on your abdomen and rectum.
The following questions may be included in the history to better understand the possible causes of your bloody or dark stools:
Are you taking blood thinners (aspirin, warfari...
Constipation refers to the passage of less than three stools per week, often associated with abdominal bloating, pain, hard stool, and straining. In patients with inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD), such as ulcerative colitis (UC) or Crohn’s disease (CD), constipation is rare, and patients more commonly experience significant diarrhea. However, there are specific situations in which constipation can be a major symptom of IBD.
Ulcerative colitis and constipation
People with UC limited to the rectum, referred to as proctitis, can experience constipation during a flare of the disease. Management of constipation in this setting involves treating the active UC, rather than treating the constipation itself. Mesalamine enemas and suppositories are very effective in treating mild to moderate flares of proctitis. Steroid foam suppositories can also be used in more severe cases or in those who do not respond to mesalamine. A probiotic called VSL#3 has been shown t...
Alternative Names Bowel sounds Home Care Call your health care provider if Call your health care provider if you experience any symptoms such as: Bleeding from your rectum Nausea Prolonged diarrhea or constipation Vomiting What to expect at your health care provider's office The doctor will perform a physical exam and ask you questions about your medical history. You may be asked: What other symptoms do you have? Have you noticed any abdominal pain? Have you noticed any diarrhea? Have you noticed any constipation? Have you noticed any abdominal distention ? Have you noticed any excessive or absent gas (flatus) ? Have you noticed any bleeding from the rectum or black stools? Depending on the findings of your physical exam, the doctor may order more tests. Tests may include: Abdominal CT scan Abdominal x-ray Blood tests Endoscopy If there are signs of an emergency, you will be sent to the hospital. A tube will be placed through your nose or mouth into the stomach or intestines. This empties the contents of your...
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