Although the terms sprain and strain are used loosely and have no precise clinical definition, a sprain generally refers to an injury to a ligament - one of the tough, fibrous cords within a joint that connects the bones together, and a strain refers to muscle injury. Sprains and strains often occur together in or near a joint, since joints absorb the stress of movement and are vulnerable to be being twisted or wrenched. The ankle and the knee are the most common sites of such injuries. In mild cases, the force of the injury tears a few fibers of the ligament or muscle, causing mild to moderate pain and swelling , which usually subside within a few days. A more violent injury may completely tear a ligament or muscle and involve bone damage such as a dislocation or fracture. With proper care, most sprains and strains heal completely without complication. The ankles are among the most vulnerable elements of the body. These complex hinges of bone, ligament, tendon and muscle support the entir...
If you hang around a gym or any type of venue where sports, exercise or physical training take place, or even if you're just a sports enthusiast excited about the start of football season or the baseball post-season, it's not uncommon to hear that someone "strained or sprained" something. "Wide receiver X will be out for at least four games with a sprained knee ligament." "Outfielder Y will be on the 15 day disabled list with a strained hamstring." It often means sitting on the sidelines or lightening up on your workout routine for a while. But what are sprains and strains? Are they the same thing? Are they serious? And what can I do to treat and/or avoid them?
In order to understand what they are, we need a little primer on muscles, tendons, and ligaments. Simply put, humans are able to move because we have bones throughout our bodies. These bones are attached to other bones via muscles and tendons. The muscles are what contract to move bones like a lever and pulley sy...
Can you please tell me why my temples throb all the time,even without headache? jbw.
No, we really can't tell you why your temples throb. That requires diagnosis, which can only be done in person following a review of your history and a full examination. Sometimes, high blood pressure can cause a sensation of throbbing at the temples, but you really need to see your doctor about this .
Good luck, John Claude Krusz and Teri Robert
About Ask the Clinician :
Dr. Krusz is a recognized expert in the fields of headache and Migraine treatment and pain treatment. Each week, he and Lead Expert Teri Robert, team up to answer your questions about headaches and Migraines. You can read more about Dr. Krusz or more about Teri Robert .
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