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Katz VL. Reproductive anatomy: Gross and microscopic, clinical correlations. In: Katz VL, Lentz GM, Lobo RA, Gershenson DM, eds. Comprehensive Gynecology . 5th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Mosby Elsevier; 2007:chap 3.
Definition A streptococcal screen is a test to detect group A streptococcus, the most common cause of strep throat . Alternative Names Rapid strep test How the test is performed The test requires a throat swab. It takes about 7 minutes. The swab is tested to identify group A streptococcus. How to prepare for the test There is no special preparation. Inform the health care provider if you are taking, or have recently taken, antibiotics. How the test will feel Your throat will be swabbed in the area of the tonsils. This may make you gag. Why the test is performed Your health care provider may order this test if you have signs of strep throat or if you have symptoms of pharyngitis (sore throat).
Cervical cancer is the third largest type of cancer in women worldwide, but is less widespread in the United States due to the use of routine Pap smears. According to the website, SymptomsofCervicalCancer.com, 10,000 women were diagnosed with cervical cancer in 2006 and 4000 women died from it during that year. The cervix is the lower portion of the uterus that connects the uterus to the vagina. Cervical cancer begins in the outermost lining of the cervix and is a slow growing cancer. When detected early, there is an excellent chance for full recovery. Routine Pap smears are the most important part of early detection. Usually, there are no symptoms during the early stages of cervical cancer. Symptoms appear during the more advanced stage, when cancer has spread to adjoining tissue. The main symptoms, at this stage, include: Vaginal bleeding at times other than the menstrual cycle. A woman can have bleeding after sex, spotting in between periods, bleeding af...
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