Definition Swollen gums are abnormally enlarged, bulging, or protruding. Alternative Names Swollen gums; Gingival swelling Considerations Gum swelling is quite common and may involve one or many of the triangular-shaped bits of gum between nearby teeth. These sections are called papillae. Occasionally, the gums swell significantly, blocking the teeth completely. Common Causes Gingivitis Infection by a virus or fungus Malnutrition Poorly fitting dentures Pregnancy Sensitivity to toothpaste or mouthwash Scurvy Side effect of a drug such as Dilantin or phenobarbital
Definition Abdominal point tenderness is the pain you feel when pressure is placed over a certain part of the belly area (abdomen). Alternative Names Abdominal tenderness Considerations The abdomen is an area of the body a doctor can easily examine by touch. The doctor can feel growths and organs in the belly area and find where you feel pain. Abdominal tenderness can range from mild to severe. "Rebound" tenderness occurs when the tissue that lines the abdominal cavity (the peritoneum) is irritated, inflamed, or infected. See also: Peritonitis Common Causes Abdominal abscess Appendicitis Certain types of hernias Meckel's diverticulum Ovarian torsion (twisted Fallopian tube)
Recently, an article appeared in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute , suggesting that patients treated with intravenous bisphosphonates are at greater risk of jaw or facial bone deterioration or infection. But the authors were not sure whether the bisphosphonates caused the bone problem, or whether these patients whose immune systems are suppressed were naturally more prone to such complications. In fact, there are those who question whether some of the jaw abnormalities found in this study which were not infections were osteonecrosis. A few months ago, there was quite a bit of media attention regarding an association between bisphosphonates and osteonecrosis of the jaw and facial bones. The drugs used in this study were pamidronate and zoledronic acid.
Osteonecrosis refers to bone death; and the bone involved cannot repair itself because it lacks the normal blood supply. There have been hundreds of cases reported of osteonecrosis of the ...
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