Wednesday, July 30, 2014

Monday, May 12, 2008 Nancy, Community Member, asks

Q: Spleen Removal?

My five year old son has SC Sickle Cell.  As a result he has an enlarge spleen which the doctors are considering removing. 

Please advise me on the side effects, life expectancy and whether I should say yes to the surgery, etc.

Thanks

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Answers (3)
Dan, Editor
5/12/08 11:39am

Hi Nancy,

 

Thanks for your question.  We can't offer specific medical advice (for example, whether or not a certain treatment should be tried), but we can give you some more info on the procedure.  I'm passing your question along to one of our doctors, and we'll let you know as soon as we get a response.

 

Thanks,

Dan

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Mary, Community Member
5/22/08 4:27pm

I'm sorry to hear this. My sister had a breeding disorder at the age of 8, due to this disorder her spleen was removed, a few months later she died of the flu because her little body could no longer fight simple infections.The spleen produces our white blood cells which fight off infection so ask your Dr about this concern..

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Dr. Amy Thomas, Community Member
5/23/08 3:04pm

Spleen-related complications in children with Hemoglobin SC are uncommon, but they do occur and can be life-threatening. The condition of most concern is acute splenic sequestration crisis (ASSC) which is more common in children with sickle cell disease (HgbSS), but can occur in those with Hgb SC. ASSC is when red blood cells become trapped in the spleen, causing severe spleen enlargement and progressive destruction of more red blood cells resulting in life-threatening anemia. Doctors can't predict which patients will have ASSC, but they do look for warning signs that suggest a person is at higher risk than usual. Doctors may recommend prophylactic splenectomy to avoid the risks of developing ASSC, but more often for patients with Hgb SS than for those with Hgb SC.  Warning signs of ASSC include fever, respiratory tract infection, fatigue, thirst, acute abdominal pain, low blood pressure, rapid heart rate, and rapid breathing.

 

Children without a spleen do not necessarily get more infections than those with a spleen, but infections that occur can be much more serious than in the average individual. Most serious infections occur within the first two years of surgery, and those with an underlying immune problem before splenectomy are at higher risk of complications compared to those with intact immune systems. Children undergoing splenectomy will need additional vaccinations and should strictly adhere to the standard immunization schedule. They will also need to take antibiotics regularly to prevent infection (at least the first 2 years after surgery, but possibly until age 21). Patients and their parents must be especially alert to signs of infection, and children without a spleen will be treated more cautiously than others during common childhood illnesses.

 

Whether you decide to proceed with the surgery is a personal decision you should discuss at length with your physician.

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By Nancy, Community Member— Last Modified: 06/18/12, First Published: 05/12/08