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Why is it that most running injuries occur at the knee or in the lower leg? Is there some common factor that might be involved? The authors of this study set out to look for some answers to these questions. They didn't do a study themselves of runners. Instead they turned to the literature and did a search of all the published articles on running injuries. Research studies like this are possible now that everything is contained within an electronic database. Four of the most well-respected electronic databases (e.g., MEDLINE, EMBASE, PsychoInfo, CINAHL) were accessed for information on risk factors for overuse running injuries. By doing a search with words like running , injury , mechanics . and knee , they were able to find 283 articles on running injuries published between 1980 and 2008. They narrowed the search down by looking for running injuries in long-distance runners who ran at least 20 kilometers (12 miles) each week. The athletes were recreational or competitive runners (not elit...
Practically everyone experiences low back pain at some point in life. Some experience it more frequently than others. If you struggle with frequent episodes of low back pain, here are some tips to help you prevent it.
1. Think BEFORE You Lift : By thinking about how to lift properly, you can prevent 90 percent of the causes for a sudden, sharp pain in the back. Place your feet shoulder width apart, bend the knees and tighten up your abdominal wall; all of this is done before you lift.
2. Provide a Good Base of Support : Think as if you are a chair; one leg is pretty wobbly. Two legs are better than one, especially with the feet widely placed for extra support. Place a hand down on a counter top for even more support and now you are a three-legged chair. And both legs and arms in contact with something solid will give your spine the most stable base of support possible.
Treatment - muscle strain
How do you treat a muscle strain ?
Rest and ice for the first few days after the injury. Anti-inflammatory medications or acetaminophen (Tylenol) also can be helpful to reduce pain and swelling in the first few days after the injury. As the pain decreases, using heat helps, along with stretching and light exercises to bring blood to the injured area.
Seek immediate medical help if you have a lot of swelling with the muscle strain or if you can't move your arms, legs, or joints.
See also: Strains - first aid
You should know
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