One of the most common problems seen in a primary care medical practice is low back pain. It accounts for more discomfort, lost work and productivity, and frustration for many patients than any other malady. Some think it is the price we, as humans, pay for walking upright. The lower back is a complex structure made of bone, muscles, connective tissue and nerves that, along with our legs, hold us erect, allow us to bend, run, twist, catch a football, or just lay down and rest. However, once a problem arises, the complexity of its structure makes pain in the lower back difficult to diagnose and treat. The lower back consists of a spinal column from the lumbar region of the mid-back down to the tail bone or coccyx. The spinal column consists of 5 lumbar vertebrae which are cylindrical bony structures with a ring like component behind the cylinder also made of bone. In between the vertebrae are disc shaped cushions filled with a gelatinous central core known as the nucleus pulposis
Abdominal ultrasound is an imaging procedure used to examine the internal organs of the abdomen, including the liver, gallbladder, spleen, pancreas, and kidneys. The blood vessels that lead to some of these organs can also be looked at with ultrasound.
Ultrasound - abdomen; Abdominal sonogram
How the test is performed
An ultrasound machine creates images that allow various organs in the body to be examined. The machine sends out high-frequency sound waves, which reflect off body structures to create a picture. A computer receives these reflected waves and uses them to create a picture. Unlike with x-rays or CT scans, there is no ionizing radiation exposure with this test.
You will be lying down for the procedure. A clear, water-based conducting gel is applied to the skin over the abdomen. This helps with the transmission of the sound waves. A handheld probe called a transducer is then moved over the abdomen.
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Women experience lots of moments that men can only experience as an observer. For starters, there's childbirth, breastfeeding, and multiple orgasms. But while the female body enjoys plenty of chromosomal perks, certain aspects of having a woman's anatomy aren't so hot. Mittelschmerz, menstrual cramps, and vulvodynia, just to name a few common aches and pains, plague the most sensitive female parts. But what exactly are they, and why won't they leave us the heck alone? Mittelschmerz It may sound like a type of German cookie, but it's actually a pain in the side. When a woman ovulates, about two weeks before menstruation, she may feel a slight pain on one side of her lower abdomen. Usually lasting a few hours, this pain, known as Mittelschmerz , is quite common. For most women, the pain is not severe enough to require treatment. It's simply a reminder that ovulation is taking place. According to Vivien Hanson, M.D., clinical investigator at the University of Wa...
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