A gum biopsy is a surgery in which a small piece of gingival (gum) tissue is removed for examination.
Biopsy - gingiva (gums)
How the test is performed
A painkiller is sprayed into the mouth in the area of the abnormal gum tissue. In some cases, a numbing injection may be used. A small piece of the gum tissue that appears abnormal is removed and checked for problems in the laboratory.
How to prepare for the test
There is no special preparation, although you may be told not to eat for a few hours before the biopsy.
How the test will feel
The topical anesthetic should numb the area during the procedure, although some tugging or pressure may be felt. If there is bleeding, the blood vessels may be sealed off with an electric current or laser. This is called electrocauterization . After the numbness wears off, the area may be sore for a few days.
Why the test is performed
This test is done to dete...
TMJ is short for "Temporomandibular Joint" which is the jaw joint. Each person has two, one in front of each ear. It connects the lower and upper jaw bones and allows the joint to move up and down, forward to back, and side to side. TMJ Disorder , which is also sometimes called "TMJD," "TMJ Syndrome," or just "TMJ," is a poorly defined condition in which many symptoms can affect the joints. Some symptoms of TMJ disorder are pain upon movement, function issues, locking, and other the jaw joint problems. For a longer list of symptoms, please see our TMJ disorder symptom list . Conditions that affect other joints in the body, such as injury, arthritis, ankylosis (fusion), or developmental abnormalities, can also affect the temporomandibular joints. If you have any questions, please Create a SharePost , visit our message board , or ask an expert . Next: TMJ Symptoms
“[Bisphosphonate] usage has been linked to the catastrophic condition ‘Dead Jaw.’ If you or a loved one have taken any of these drugs for osteoporosis… & you have experienced complications, you must act now! You may deserve compensation. For a free confidential case evaluation…” So reads the callout on a particular Web site devoted to “litigation regarding Bisphosphonate Complications.” Contrast that with this, from modernmedicine.com, “an online resource designed to meet the evolving needs of physicians,” November 15, 2008: “The last word on this controversy [the connection between bisphosphonate use and ONJ] has yet to be said, but according to a review of the literature by the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research, the risk of ONJ associated with oral bisphosphonate therapy for osteoporosis seems to be low, estimated between 1 in 10,000 and <1 in 100,000 patient treatment years.” ONJ. “Bi...
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