Definition Swollen gums are abnormally enlarged, bulging, or protruding. Alternative Names Swollen gums; Gingival swelling Considerations Gum swelling is quite common and may involve one or many of the triangular-shaped bits of gum between nearby teeth. These sections are called papillae. Occasionally, the gums swell significantly, blocking the teeth completely. Common Causes Gingivitis Infection by a virus or fungus Malnutrition Poorly fitting dentures Pregnancy Sensitivity to toothpaste or mouthwash Scurvy Side effect of a drug such as Dilantin or phenobarbital
Receding gums occur when the gums and the bone in the mouth have moved away from the tooth. Receding gums may be caused by gum disease, imbalanced occlusion (the way the teeth fit together when you bite down), or trauma. Accumulation of plaque at the gum line and poor oral hygiene can lead to receding gums. Bacteria on the plaque release toxic substances that can cause destruction of gum tissue. When occlusion (the way teeth come together) is imbalanced, excessive forces placed on the teeth cause trauma to the bone and gums. Gum recession exposes the roots, causing the teeth to become sensitive to hot, cold, sweet, and salty substances. Excessive pressure resulting from grinding or clenching teeth may cause the gums to recede. Receding gums may occur when teeth are crooked or fillings and crowns are placed without properly balancing the bite. In both of these cases, the teeth do not come together properly, and increased forces are placed on certain parts of the teeth. Initially, the gums ...
Tooth pain and heart attacks; Heart attacks and jaw pain
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