A gum biopsy is a surgery in which a small piece of gingival (gum) tissue is removed for examination.
Biopsy - gingiva (gums)
How the test is performed
A painkiller is sprayed into the mouth in the area of the abnormal gum tissue. In some cases, a numbing injection may be used. A small piece of the gum tissue that appears abnormal is removed and checked for problems in the laboratory.
How to prepare for the test
There is no special preparation, although you may be told not to eat for a few hours before the biopsy.
How the test will feel
The topical anesthetic should numb the area during the procedure, although some tugging or pressure may be felt. If there is bleeding, the blood vessels may be sealed off with an electric current or laser. This is called electrocauterization . After the numbness wears off, the area may be sore for a few days.
Why the test is performed
This test is done to dete...
Definition Swollen gums are abnormally enlarged, bulging, or protruding. Alternative Names Swollen gums; Gingival swelling Considerations Gum swelling is quite common and may involve one or many of the triangular-shaped bits of gum between nearby teeth. These sections are called papillae. Occasionally, the gums swell significantly, blocking the teeth completely. Common Causes Gingivitis Infection by a virus or fungus Malnutrition Poorly fitting dentures Pregnancy Sensitivity to toothpaste or mouthwash Scurvy Side effect of a drug such as Dilantin or phenobarbital
It's great to see that The New York Academy of Sciences is holding a seminar on osteonecrosis of the jaw, a painful disease in the teeth and gums that has been linked to bisphosphonate use. While the illness has been especially associated with intravenous bisphosphonates most often used for cancer patients, the widespread use of oral bisphosphonates to combat osteoporosis and osteopenia makes this a relevant issue for the bone loss community as well. The info is at http://www.nyas.org/events/eventDetail.asp?eventID=8739&date=5%2F19%2F2007+8%3A30%3A00+AM and I was particularly glad that it says "all healthcare professionals are urged to attend." It is important to learn all we can about the risks (as well as advantages) of any medication we take, and I hope that this meeting keeps the spotlight on this issue and encourages those researching this rare but dangerous side effect of bisphosphonate medication.
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