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DefinitionA streptococcal screen is a test to detect group A streptococcus, the most common cause of strep throat.Alternative NamesRapid strep testHow the test is performedThe test requires a throat swab. It takes about 7 minutes. The swab is tested to identify group A streptococcus.How to prepare for the testThere is no special preparation. Inform the health care provider if you are taking, or have recently taken, antibiotics.How the test will feelYour throat will be swabbed in the area of the tonsils. This may make you gag.Why the test is performedYour health care provider may order this test if you have signs of strep throat or if you have symptoms of pharyngitis (sore throat).
DefinitionA throat swab culture is a laboratory test done to isolate and identify organisms that may cause infection in the throat.Alternative NamesThroat culture and sensitivity; Culture - throatHow the test is performedYou will be asked to tilt your head back and open your mouth wide. The health care provider rubs a sterile cotton swab along the back of your throat near the tonsils. You need to resist gagging and closing the mouth while the swab touches this area.The health care provider may need to scrape the back of the throat with the swab several times. This helps improve the chances of detecting bacteria.How to prepare for the testDo not use antiseptic mouthwashes before the test.How the test will feelYour throat may be sore at the time the test is taken. You may experience a gagging sensation when the back of your throat is touched with the swab, but the test only lasts a few seconds.Why the test is performedThe test is performed when a throat infection is suspected, particula...
DefinitionPharyngitis, or sore throat, is discomfort, pain, or scratchiness in the throat. It often makes it painful to swallow. See also:Infectious mononucleosisStrep throatAlternative NamesPharyngitis - bacterial; Sore throatCauses, incidence, and risk factorsPharyngitis is caused by swelling (inflammation) of the pharynx, which is in the back of the throat, between the tonsils and the voicebox (larynx).Most sore throats are cauesd by a viral infection, such as the cold or flu. Some viruses can cause specific types of sore throat, such as coxsackie infection or mononucleosis.Bacteria that can cause pharyngitis include Group A streptococcus, which leads to strep throat in some cases.Other, less-common bacteria that cause sore throats include corynebacterium, gonorrhea, and chlamydia.Most cases of pharyngitis occur during the colder months. The illness often spreads among family members.
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