Definition Spinal cord trauma is damage to the spinal cord. It may result from direct injury to the cord itself or indirectly from damage to surrounding bones, tissues, or blood vessels. Alternative Names Spinal cord injury; Compression of spinal cord; SCI; Cord compression Causes, incidence, and risk factors Spinal cord trauma can be caused by any number of injuries to the spine. They can result from motor vehicle accidents, falls, sports injuries (particularly diving into shallow water), industrial accidents, gunshot wounds, assault, and other causes. A minor injury can cause spinal cord trauma if the spine is weakened (such as from rheumatoid arthritis or osteoporosis ) or if the spinal canal protecting the spinal cord has become too narrow (spinal stenosis) due to the normal aging process. Direct injury, such as cuts, can occur to the spinal cord, particularly if the bones or the disks have been damaged. Fragments of bone (for example, from broken vertebrae, which are the spine bones) or ...
Definition Diabetic neuropathy is damage to nerves in the body that occurs due to high blood sugar levels from diabetes . Alternative Names Nerve damage - diabetic Causes, incidence, and risk factors Nerve injuries are caused by decreased blood flow and high blood sugar levels . They are more likely to develop if blood sugar levels are not well controlled. About half of people with diabetes will develop nerve damage. Most of the time symptoms do not begin until 10 to 20 years after diabetes has been diagnosed. Nerve injuries may affect: Nerves in the skull (cranial nerves) Nerves from the spinal column and their branches Nerves that help your body manage vital organs, such as the heart, bladder, stomach, and intestines (called autonomic neuropathy)
Autonomic neuropathy is a group of symptoms that occur when there is damage to the nerves that manage every day body functions such as blood pressure, heart rate, bowel and bladder emptying, and digestion.
Neuropathy - autonomic
Causes, incidence, and risk factors
Autonomic neuropathy is a form of peripheral neuropathy . It is a group of symptoms, not a specific disease. There are many causes.
Autonomic neuropathy involves damage to the nerves that run through a part of the peripheral nervous system. The peripheral nervous system includes the nerves used for communication to and from the brain and spinal cord ( central nervous system ) and all other parts of the body, including the internal organs, muscles, skin, and blood vessels.
Damage to the autonomic nerves affects the function of areas connected to the problem nerve. For example, damage to the nerves of the gastrointestinal tract makes it harder to move food durin...
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