Alternative Names Spinal cord injury; Compression of spinal cord; SCI; Cord compression Symptoms Symptoms vary somewhat depending on the location of the injury. Spinal cord injury causes weakness and sensory loss at and below the point of the injury. The severity of symptoms depends on whether the entire cord is severely injured (complete) or only partially injured (incomplete). The spinal cord doesn't go below the 1st lumbar vertebra, so injuries at and below this level do not cause spinal cord injury. However, they may cause "cauda equina syndrome" -- injury to the nerve roots in this area. CERVICAL (NECK) INJURIES When spinal cord injuries occur in the neck area, symptoms can affect the arms, legs, and middle of the body. The symptoms may occur on one or both sides of the body. Symptoms can include: Breathing difficulties (from paralysis of the breathing muscles, if the injury is high up in the neck) Loss of normal bowel and bladder control (may include constipation, incontinence,
Definition Spinal muscular atrophy is a group of inherited diseases that cause progressive muscle degeneration and weakness, eventually leading to death. Alternative Names Werdnig-Hoffmann disease Causes, incidence, and risk factors Spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) is a collection of different muscle diseases. Grouped together, it is the second leading cause of neuromuscular disease. Most of the time, a person must get the defective gene from both parents to be affected. Approximately 4 out of every 100,000 people have the condition. The most severe form is SMA type I, also called Werdnig-Hoffman disease. Infants with SMA type II have less severe symptoms during early infancy, but they become progressively weaker with time. SMA type III is the least severe form of the disease. Rarely, SMA may begin in adulthood. This is usually a milder form of the disease. A family history of spinal muscular atrophy is a risk factor for all types of the disorder.
Alternative Names Tumor - spinal cord Symptoms The symptoms depend on the location, type of tumor, and your general health. Tumors that have spread to the spine from another site (metastatic tumors) often progress quickly. Primary tumors often progress slowly over weeks to years. Tumors in the spinal cord usually cause symptoms, sometimes over large portions of the body. Tumors outside the spinal cord may grow for a long time before causing nerve damage. Symptoms may include: Abnormal sensations , loss of sensation:
Especially in the legs (may be in the knee or ankle, with or without shooting pain down the leg) Cold sensation of the legs, cool fingers or hands, or coolness of other areas May worsen over time Back pain:
Gets worse over time In any area -- middle or low back are most common Is usually severe and not relieved by pain medication Is worse when lying down Is worse with strain, cough, sneeze May extend to the hip, leg, or feet (or arms), or all extremities May stay in the spine Fecal inc...
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