Acupuncture has been used in Chinese medicine for thousands of years to treat pain. But until recently, scientists couldn't figure out exactly how or why it worked. They theorized that perhaps it activated the body's natural painkillers. Now researchers at the University of Michigan's Chronic Pain and Fatigue Research Center have uncovered a clue to at least one way that acupuncture works to help relieve pain . They found that acupuncture increased the binding availability of mu-opoid receptors in regions of the brain that process and dampen pain signals – specifically the cingulate, insula, caudate, thalamus and amygdala. In the study, fibromyalgia patients were given either traditional Chinese acupuncture or sham acupuncture treatments twice a week for a four-week period. Positron emission tomography (PET) scans were preformed during the first treatment session and again following the eighth treatment. Those patients given the rea...
For some reason, Tramadol is an overlooked, misunderstood drug. Even some doctors are confused about some facts that seem to be little known. Most know that tramadol is used to treat pain and comes in both short acting and time released formulas. Various brand name drugs contain tramadol including: Ultracet, Ultram, Ultram ER, Ryzolt, and Rybix. Because these all contain tramadol, they are all worth considering even for the toughest to treat pain. But first, let's clear up some confusion about tramadol.
Is tramadol an opioid? So many people have been lead to believe that tramadol is not an opioid medication. In fact, tramadol is considered an opioid medication because it like morphine and hydrocodone bind to and activate the mu opioid receptor . This mechanism provides the pain relieving, the analgesic effect. And like all the other opioids, the regular use of tramadol can lead to physical dependency . Thus, when this exogenous source of opioids is withdrawn suddenly, a per...
Generic Name: TRAMADOL/ACETAMINOPHEN - ORAL Pronounced: (TRAM-a-dol/a-SEET-a-MIN-oh-fen) Tramadol-Acetaminophen Oral Uses
This product is used to treat moderate to moderately
severe pain. It contains 2 medications: tramadol and acetaminophen. Tramadol is
similar to narcotic analgesics. It works in the brain to change how your body
feels and responds to pain. Acetaminophen is used to relieve pain, and it can
also reduce a fever.
How To Use Tramadol-Acetaminophen Oral
See also Warning section.
Take this medication by mouth as directed by your doctor,
usually every 4 to 6 hours as needed for pain relief. You may take this drug
with or without food. If you have nausea, it may help to take this drug with
food. Ask your doctor or pharmacist about other ways to decrease nausea (such
as lying down for 1 to 2 hours with as little head movement as
The dosage is based on your medical condition and response
to treatment. To redu...
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