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Alternative Names Swelling of the ankles - feet - legs; Ankle swelling; Foot swelling; Leg swelling; Edema - peripheral; Peripheral edema Prevention Avoid sitting or standing without moving for prolonged periods of time. When flying, stretch your legs often and get up to walk when possible. When driving, stop to stretch and walk every hour or so. Avoid wearing restrictive clothing or garters around your thighs. Exercise regularly. Lose weight if you need to. References Goldman L. Approach to the patient with possible cardiovascular disease. In: Goldman L, Ausiello D, eds. Cecil Medicine . 23rd ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Saunders Elsevier; 2007:chap 48.
Look at your foot and ankle, without them you would not be able to walk to the store, dance to your favorite tune or drive a car. The foot and ankle are at times our only contact point with the earth and the things we do on earth. If something goes wrong with these important body parts, your whole world can fall apart.
Notice how complicated your foot is from heel to toes. Each foot has 28 bones and 30 joints ; now that is one complicated piece of equipment! Just above your foot is the ankle joint where the shinbone (tibia) rests on top of the talus (the uppermost foot bone). Because of the complicated anatomy and high degree of stress on the foot and ankle complex, this area has a frequent amount of over-diagnosed, under-diagnosed, and misdiagnosed conditions. You and your doctor need to understand that certain conditions can masquerade as others. Falling into a trap of an imposter can give you a never-ending cycle of unhappy feet.
Plantar Fasciitis is an over-diagnosed ...
The list of tips for sore feet is not complete without mentioning the butt muscles. This group of muscles may be the laziest in the entire body. When the butt muscles become weak, the entire leg is affected, including the feet. Everything starts to turn inward. The thigh bone rotates inward causing "knock-knees." The ankles turn inward to the point that the arch of the foot can become plastered to the ground. This misalignment of the leg leads to a chain reaction of chronic pain.
Anyone with back, hip, knee, ankle, or foot pain should remember to strengthen the butt muscles. The easiest and most practical way to improve strength in the buttocks is to stand on one leg. Go ahead and try it (if needed, hold onto a chair for safety). Your beltline should remain parallel to the ground and your body should remain upright. If that was difficult, try it again only this time focus on tightening the butt cheek on the same side you are standing on. Once the butt muscles engage, the leg be...
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