Definition Ankle pain involves any discomfort in one or both ankles. Alternative Names Pain - ankle; Sprain - ankle; Ankle sprain Common Causes Ankle pain is often due to an ankle sprain. An ankle sprain is an injury to the ligaments, which connect bones to one another. In most cases, the ankle is twisted inward, causing small tears in the ligaments. The tearing leads to swelling and bruising, making it difficult to bear weight on the joint. In addition to ankle sprains, ankle pain can be caused by: Damage or swelling of tendons (which join muscles to bone) or cartilage (which cushions joints) Infection in the ankle joint Osteoarthritis , gout , rheumatoid arthritis , Reiter syndrome , and other types of arthritis Problems in areas near the ankle that can cause you to feel pain in the ankle include: Blockage of blood vessels in the leg Heel pain or injuries Nerve injuries (such as tarsal tunnel syndrome or sciatica )
Pain or discomfort can be felt anywhere in the foot, including the heel, toes, arch, instep, sole, or ankles.
Pain - foot
Foot pain can be caused by:
-- a protrusion at the base of the big toe, which can become inflamed. Bunions often develop over time from wearing narrow-toed shoes.
-- toes that curl downward into a claw-like position.
Calluses and corns
-- thickened skin from friction or pressure. Calluses are on the balls of the feet or heels. Corns appear on your toes.
Plantar warts -- from pressure on the soles of your feet.
-- also called flat feet.
Poorly fitting shoes often cause these problems. Aging and being overweight also increase your chances of having foot problems.
Morton's neuroma is a...
Definition Ankle replacement is surgery to replace the damaged parts of the three bones that make up the ankle joint. Artificial joint parts ( prosthetics ) are used to replace your own bones. They come in different sizes to fit different-size people. Alternative Names Ankle arthroplasty - total; Total ankle arthroplasty; Endoprosthetic ankle replacement; Ankle surgery Description Ankle replacement surgery may be done while you are under general anesthesia . This means you will be unconscious and unable to feel pain. Or, you may have spinal anesthesia. You will be awake but will not feel anything below your waist. If you have spinal anesthesia, you will also be given medicine to help you relax during the operation. Your surgeon will make an incision (cut) in the front of your ankle to expose the ankle joint. Then your surgeon will gently push the tendons, nerves, and blood vessels to the side. After this: Your surgeon will remove the damaged bone. Your surgeon will reshape 3 of your bones that ...
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