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Years ago, it was almost standard procedure for a child to have his or her tonsils removed, especially if the child suffered from sore throats and colds. The number of tonsillectomies began to decline in the sixties. The sore throats and colds, for the most part, disappeared as the child grew older, and tonsil removal was no longer deemed necessary.
Now, however, tonsillectomies are back in favor as a treatment for sleep apnea in children. As well as being a cause of sore throats and colds, enlarged tonsils block the air passages causing nighttime breathing problems. Other problems caused by enlarged tonsils are problems swallowing, fever and swollen glands.
What Are Tonsils?
Tonsils are small growths of tissue found on both sides at the back of the throat. They are meant to trap bacteria and produce antibodies to fight off infections.
Unfortunately, when tonsils become infected, they swell and cause even further problems, including sore throat and tonsillitis . If...
Definition Alternative Names Children and tonsillectomies Information Today, many parents wonder if it is wise for children to have the tonsils taken out. Tonsillectomy may be recommended if your child has any of the following: Difficulty swallowing Obstructed breathing during sleep Throat infections or throat abscesses that keep returning In most cases, inflammation of the tonsils can be successfully treated with antibiotics. There are always risks associated with surgery. You and your childs doctor may consider a tonsillectomy if: Your child has frequent infections (7 or more times in 1 year, or 5 or more times over 2 years) Your child misses a lot of school Your child snores, has trouble breathing, and has sleep apnea Your child has an abscess or growth on their tonsils
Definition Group B streptococcal septicemia is a severe bacterial infection that affects newborn infants . See also: Neonatal sepsis Alternative Names Group B strep; GBS Causes, incidence, and risk factors The term "septicemia" refers to an infection in the bloodstream that may travel to different body organs. Group B streptococcal septicemia is caused by the bacterium Streptococcus agalactiae , which is commonly called "group B strep" or GBS. A newborn with septicemia is very sick. GBS is commonly found in adults and older children, where it does not usually cause infection. There are two ways in which it may be passed to a newborn baby: The infant can become infected as he or she passes through the birth canal. In this case, babies become ill between birth and 6 days of life (most often in the first 24 hours). This is called "early-onset" GBS disease. The infant may also become infected after delivery by coming into contact with people who carry the GBS germ. In this case symptoms appear late...
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