Definition A streptococcal screen is a test to detect group A streptococcus, the most common cause of strep throat . Alternative Names Rapid strep test How the test is performed The test requires a throat swab. It takes about 7 minutes. The swab is tested to identify group A streptococcus. How to prepare for the test There is no special preparation. Inform the health care provider if you are taking, or have recently taken, antibiotics. How the test will feel Your throat will be swabbed in the area of the tonsils. This may make you gag. Why the test is performed Your health care provider may order this test if you have signs of strep throat or if you have symptoms of pharyngitis (sore throat).
Definition Alternative Names Children and tonsillectomies Information Today, many parents wonder if it is wise for children to have the tonsils taken out. Tonsillectomy may be recommended if your child has any of the following: Difficulty swallowing Obstructed breathing during sleep Throat infections or throat abscesses that keep returning In most cases, inflammation of the tonsils can be successfully treated with antibiotics. There are always risks associated with surgery. You and your childs doctor may consider a tonsillectomy if: Your child has frequent infections (7 or more times in 1 year, or 5 or more times over 2 years) Your child misses a lot of school Your child snores, has trouble breathing, and has sleep apnea Your child has an abscess or growth on their tonsils
Definition Group B streptococcal septicemia is a severe bacterial infection that affects newborn infants . See also: Neonatal sepsis Alternative Names Group B strep; GBS Causes, incidence, and risk factors The term "septicemia" refers to an infection in the bloodstream that may travel to different body organs. Group B streptococcal septicemia is caused by the bacterium Streptococcus agalactiae , which is commonly called "group B strep" or GBS. A newborn with septicemia is very sick. GBS is commonly found in adults and older children, where it does not usually cause infection. There are two ways in which it may be passed to a newborn baby: The infant can become infected as he or she passes through the birth canal. In this case, babies become ill between birth and 6 days of life (most often in the first 24 hours). This is called "early-onset" GBS disease. The infant may also become infected after delivery by coming into contact with people who carry the GBS germ. In this case symptoms appear late...
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