Salivary gland infections are viral or bacterial infections of the saliva-producing glands.
There are three pairs of major salivary glands.
The two largest are the parotid glands, one in each cheek over the jaw in front of the ears. Inflammation of one or more of these glands is called parotitis, or parotiditis.
Two submandibular glands are at the back of the mouth on both sides of the jaw.
Two sublingual glands are under the floor of the mouth.
All of the salivary glands empty saliva into the mouth through ducts that open at various locations in the mouth.
Causes, incidence, and risk factors
Salivary gland infections are somewhat common, and they can return in some people.
Viral infections such as mumps often affect the salivary glands (mumps most often causes parotiditis). Mumps is a rare infection today because of immunization with the MMR vaccine .
Salivary gland biopsy is the removal of a small piece of tissue or cells from a salivary gland for examination.
Biopsy - salivary gland
How the test is performed
There are several pairs of salivary glands in different locations in the mouth:
A major pair in front of the ears (parotid glands)
Two major pairs on the floor of the mouth
Several minor pairs in the lips, cheeks, and tongue
One method of salivary gland biopsy is a needle biopsy . The skin over the gland is cleaned with rubbing alcohol. A local pain-killing medicine (anesthetic) may be injected, and a needle is inserted into the gland. A piece of tissue or cells are removed and placed on slides, which are sent to a laboratory for examination.
A biopsy can also be done to:
Determine the type of tumor in a salivary gland lump
Determine if the gland and tumor need to be removed
A biopsy of the glands in the lips or the parotid ...
Definition Salivary duct stones are crystallized minerals in the ducts that drain the salivary glands. Salivary duct stones are a type of salivary gland disorder . Alternative Names Sialolithiasis Causes, incidence, and risk factors Saliva (spit) is produced by the salivary glands in the mouth. The chemicals in saliva can crystallize into a stone that can block the salivary ducts. When saliva cannot exit a blocked duct, it backs up into the gland, causing pain and swelling of the gland. There are three pairs of major salivary glands: The two largest are the parotid glands, one in each cheek over the jaw in front of the ears. Two submandibular glands are at the back of the mouth on both sides of the jaw. Two sublingual glands are under the floor of the mouth. Salivary stones most often affect the submandibular glands, but they can also affect the parotid glands.
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