The person with the most replaced parts wins and now the joint replacement race does not stop with hips, knees or shoulders. Spinal discs are the latest “joints” to undergo a technology overhaul. Disc replacement surgery, also known as disc arthroplasty, is on the minds of millions who have disc degeneration. These worn out parts of the spine generate an avalanche of problems. So why not exchange them for new ones? Donald has been so worried about his mother’s failing back. Nothing seems to be helping her. One of his friends told him about a new surgical implant that replaces the worn out discs in the spine. Wow! That might give his mother a brand new back and a brand new lease on life. Two years ago, she had her hip replaced. Within months of that surgery, she was back to ballroom dancing. If joint replacement worked for her hip, surely it could work for her back. Great, he calls his mom to share the news. Not so fast, the treatment of spinal disc degeneration is not...
Doctors are rethinking the treatment of meniscal tears. The meniscus is a horseshoe-shaped piece of cartilage on both sides of the knee joint. It acts as a shock absorber and lubricates the joint. It also helps support the knee and keeps it steady and stable. In the past, injury to the meniscus usually required surgery to remove it. Today's doctors know how important it is to save the meniscus whenever possible. The decision to treat a meniscal tear is more complicated now. The doctor must look at the patient's anatomy and the injury itself to decide on the best treatment. Most meniscus tears are one of two types. A healthy meniscus can tear from trauma to the knee. And in older adults, tears in an aging, damaged meniscus can occur from normal forces. In either case, damage to nearby ligaments often occurs along with the meniscal tear. If more than one structure is torn, surgery to repair the damage is more likely to be needed. The exact method of repair depends on the size, location, a...
Generic Name: EMOLLIENTS - TOPICAL Hydrating Healing Top Uses
This medication has 2 types of ingredients (emollient,
keratolytic) that work together to treat or prevent dry, rough, scaly, itchy
skin (e.g., eczema, keratosis, xerosis). Dry skin is caused by a loss of water
in the upper layer of the skin. Emollients are substances that soften and
moisturize the skin and decrease itching and flaking. Emollients/moisturizers
work by forming an oily layer on the top of the skin that traps water in the
skin. Petrolatum, lanolin, mineral oil, and dimethicone are common
Lactic acid, salicylic acid, and urea are keratolytics.
They increase moisture in the skin by softening/dissolving the horny substance
(keratin) holding the top layer of skin cells together. This helps the dead
skin cells fall off and helps the skin keep more water in. Higher strengths of
urea are used to treat corns, callous, and some nail problems (e.g., ingrown...
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