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Aortic valve stenosis; Left ventricular outflow tract obstruction; Rheumatic aortic stenosis; Calcium aortic stenosis
People with aortic stenosis may have no symptoms at all until late in the course of the disease. The diagnosis may have been made when the healthcare provider heard a heart murmur and then performed additional tests.
Symptoms of aortic stenosis include:
Crushing, squeezing, pressure, tightness
Pain increases with exercise, relieved with rest
Under the chest bone, may move to other areas
, or dizziness with activity
Sensation of feeling the heart beat ( palpitations )
In infants and children, symptoms include:
Becoming tired or fatigued with exertion more easily than others (in mild cases)
Serious breathing problems that develop wi...
Foraminotomy is surgery that widens the opening in your back where nerve roots leave your spinal canal. You may have a narrowing of the nerve opening (foraminal stenosis).
Intervertebral foramina; Spine surgery - foraminotomy
Foraminotomy takes pressure off of a nerve in your spinal column and allows it to move more easily. It may be performed on any level of the spine. You will be asleep and feel no pain (general anesthesia ).
You will lie face down on the operating table. A cut (incision) is made in the middle of the back of your spine. The length of the incision depends on how much of your spinal column will be operated on.
Skin, muscles, and ligaments are moved to the side. Your surgeon may use a surgical microscope to see inside your back.
Some bone is cut or shaved away to open the nerve root opening (foramen). Any disk fragments are removed. Other bone may also be removed at the back of t...
Lumbar Decompression Surgery is a treatment for spinal stenosis (narrowing of the spinal canal). Spinal stenosis is narrowing of the spinal canal, which may result in pressure on the internal structures. Vague leg pain , numbness, and tingling distributed over the anterior and posterior thighs and calves are brought on, classically, by spinal postures that mechanically compromise the neural canal and foramina (openings for nerves). Less often, this syndrome is precipitated by the increased metabolic and vascular demands of the lower extremities, causing a compromise of neural blood flow. Both these mechanisms can occur at the same time. Degenerative spinal stenosis develops with aging. Everyone begins with a different spinal canal size and shape. With aging, the spinal canal volume decreases. If the original size is large, the aging process may not cause symptoms, but if the original size is small, pressure on the neural elements over time may cause clinical symptoms. Initial variations ...
You should know
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