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Bone graft material is used whenever there's a need for extra bone to support a fracture site or defect in the bone. It's easily available (taken from the patient's pelvic bone) and inexpensive. And it is bone inductive (fosters bone growth) to provide structural support to the damaged area. The downside is that the graft site can be painful for a very long time. In some cases, infection can delay recovery. Patients often report difficulty walking due to the pain. And the combination of pain and impaired walking result in loss of function. To help patients avoid the major and minor complications of bone graft, scientists are exploring the use of bone substitutes. One of those bone substitutes ( alpha-BSM ) is the subject of this study. Patients with an acute fracture of the tibial plateau were the subject of this multicenter study. Twelve study sites from around the North American continent were involved. The tibial plateau is the flat top of the upper portion of the tibia (lower leg bone...
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The middle joint of the toe is bent. The end part of the toe bends down into a claw-like deformity. At first, you may be able to move and straighten the toe. Over time, you will no longer be able to move the toe.
A corn often forms on the top of the toe. A callus is found on the sole of the foot.
Walking or wearing shoes can be painful.
Signs and tests
A physical examination of the foot confirms that you have hammer toe. The health care provider may find decreased and painful movement in the toes.
You should know
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