Definition A broken jaw is a break in the jaw bone. A dislocated jaw means the lower part of the jaw has moved out of its normal position at one or both joints where the jaw bone connects to the skull (temporomandibular joints). Alternative Names Dislocated jaw; Fractured jaw; Broken jaw; TMJ dislocation Considerations A broken or dislocated jaw usually heals completely after treatment. However, the jaw may become dislocated again in the future. Complications may include: Airway blockage Bleeding Breathing blood or food into the lungs Difficulty eating (temporary) Difficulty talking (temporary) Infection of the jaw or face Jaw joint ( TMJ ) pain and other problems Problems aligning the teeth Causes The most common cause of a broken or dislocated jaw is injury to the face. This may be due to: Assault Industrial accident Motor vehicle accident Recreational or sports injury
TMD; Temporomandibular joint disorders; Temporomandibular muscle disorders
Symptoms associated with TMJ disorders may be:
Biting or chewing difficulty or discomfort
Clicking, popping, or grating sound when opening or closing the mouth
Dull, aching pain in the face
Jaw pain or tenderness of the jaw
Reduced ability to open or close the mouth
Signs and tests
You may need to see more than one medical specialist for your TMJ pain and symptoms, such as your primary care provider, a dentist, or an ear, nose, and throat (ENT) doctor, depending on your symptoms.
A thorough examination may involve:
A dental examination to show if you have poor bite alignment
Feeling the joint and connecting muscles for tenderness
Pressing around the head for areas that are sensitive or painful
Sliding the teeth from side to side
Watching, feeling, and...
Alternative Names Swollen gums; Gingival swelling Home Care Improve your nutrition if it is poor. Avoid gum irritants such as commercial mouthwashes, alcohol, and tobacco. Change your toothpaste brand and avoid using mouthwashes if your swollen gums are caused by sensitivity to toothpaste or mouthwash. Use good oral hygiene . See a periodontist or dentist at least every 6 months. If your swollen gums are caused by a reaction to a drug, talk to your doctor about using a different type of medication. Never change medications without first talking to your doctor. Call your health care provider if Swelling is severe, persistent, or is accompanied by other unexplained symptoms Discomfort is associated with swelling What to expect at your health care provider's office The dentist will examine your mouth, teeth, and gums. You will be asked questions about your medical history and symptoms, such as: Quality
Do your gums bleed ? Time pattern
Did the swelling begin recently? Are they always swollen? Does th...
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