Total knee replacement is a surgical procedure in which injured or damaged parts of the knee joint are replaced with artificial parts, called prostheses.
The knee is the largest joint in the body. It is commonly known as the "hinge" joint, because it allows the knee to flex (bend) and extend (straighten), similar to the hinge on a door. The knee also has the ability to rotate (turn) and translate (glide).
The knee joint is composed of the
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