Aspirin is used to reduce fever and relieve mild to moderate pain from conditions such as muscle aches, toothaches, common cold, and headaches. It may also be used to reduce pain and swelling in conditions such as arthritis. Aspirin is known as a salicylate and a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID). It works by blocking a certain natural substance in your body to reduce pain and swelling. Consult your doctor before giving this drug to a child younger than 12 years. It is very important to keep this and all medication out of the reach of children. Aspirin is a common cause of poisoning in children. (See also Overdose section.)
Your doctor may direct you to use a low dose of aspirin to prevent blood clots. This effect reduces the risk of stroke and heart attack. If you have recently had surgery on clogged arteries (such as bypass surgery, carotid endarterectomy, coronary stent), your doctor may direct you to use aspirin in low doses as a "blood thinner" to prevent blood clots. Aspirin prevents blood clots by stopping certain blood cells (platelets) from clumping together.
How To Use
If you are using this medication for self-treatment, follow all directions on the product package. If you are uncertain about any of the information, consult your doctor or pharmacist. If your doctor has directed you to use this medication, use it exactly as prescribed.
Chew this medication thoroughly as directed by your doctor or the product label. Do not swallow the gum. Drink a full glass of water (8 ounces/240 milliliters) after using this product unless your doctor tells you otherwise. Do not lie down for at least 10 minutes after you have used this drug. If stomach upset occurs while you are using this medication, eating food or drinking milk may help.
The dosage and length of treatment are based on your medical condition and response to treatment. Read the product label to find recommendations on how many pieces you can chew in a 24-hour period and how long you may self-treat before seeking medical advice. Do not chew more medication or use it for longer than recommended unless directed by your doctor. Consult your doctor or pharmacist if you have any questions.
If you are using this medication for self-treatment of headache, seek immediate medical attention if you also have slurred speech, weakness on one side of the body, or sudden vision changes. Before using this drug, consult a doctor or pharmacist if you have headaches caused by head injury, coughing, or bending, or if you have a headache with persistent/severe vomiting, fever, and stiff neck. These may be signs of serious medical conditions.
If you are using this medication as needed (not on a regular schedule), remember that pain medications work best if they are used as the first signs of pain occur. If you wait until the pain has worsened, the medicine may not work as well.
You should not use this medication for self-treatment of pain for longer than 10 days. You should not use this drug to self-treat a fever that lasts longer than 3 days or for sore throat pain lasting longer than 2 days. In these cases, consult a doctor because you may have a more serious condition. Tell your doctor promptly if you develop ringing in the ears or difficulty hearing.
If your condition persists or worsens (such as new or unusual symptoms, redness/swelling of the painful area, pain/fever that does not go away or gets worse) or if you think you may have a serious medical problem, tell your doctor promptly.