Tonsillitis is inflammation (swelling) of the tonsils.
Causes, incidence, and risk factors
The tonsils are lymph nodes in the back of the mouth and top of the throat. They normally help to filter out bacteria and other germs to prevent infection in the body.
Strep throat is one cause of tonsilitis.
The tonsils may become so overwhelmed by a bacterial or viral infection that they swell and become inflamed, causing tonsillitis. The infection may also be present in the throat and areas around it, causing inflammation of the pharynx. The pharynx is in the back of the throat, between the tonsils and voicebox (larynx). See: Pharyngitis
Tonsillitis is very common, especially in children.
Definition Alternative Names Children and tonsillectomies Information Today, many parents wonder if it is wise for children to have the tonsils taken out. Tonsillectomy may be recommended if your child has any of the following: Difficulty swallowing Obstructed breathing during sleep Throat infections or throat abscesses that keep returning In most cases, inflammation of the tonsils can be successfully treated with antibiotics. There are always risks associated with surgery. You and your childs doctor may consider a tonsillectomy if: Your child has frequent infections (7 or more times in 1 year, or 5 or more times over 2 years) Your child misses a lot of school Your child snores, has trouble breathing, and has sleep apnea Your child has an abscess or growth on their tonsils
Definition Peritonsillar abscess is a collection of infected material in the area around the tonsils. See also: Ludwig's angina Retropharyngeal abscess Alternative Names Quinsy; Abscess - peritonsillar Causes, incidence, and risk factors Peritonsillar abscess is a complication of tonsillitis . It is most often caused by a type of bacteria called group A beta-hemolytic streptococcus . Peritonsillar abscess is usually a disease of older children, adolescents, and young adults. It has become uncommon with the use of antibiotics to treat tonsillitis.
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