Chronic bronchitis is a lung disease that causes a cough with increased mucus production for at least three months in two consecutive years. It generally falls under the category of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, or COPD.
The most common cause is cigarette smoking, although the inhalation of irritants at work, air pollution and lung infections may also cause it. Considering most people develop this disease due to exposure to cigarette smoke, one might wonder: Why does smoking cause chronic bronchitis?
To best answer this question it’s helpful to understand the basics of airway anatomy, which is covered in the pithy post “ Your Journey Down the Respiratory Tract .” Knowledge of lung anatomy is helpful because long-term exposure to inhaled cigarette smoke may cause changes inside the airways. These changes may include:
1. Bronchial mucous glands become bigger : This causes increased mucus or secretion production...
Alternative Names Necrosis - renal tubular; ATN; Necrosis - acute tubular Treatment In most people, acute tubular necrosis is reversible. The goal of treatment is to prevent life-threatening complications of acute kidney failure during the time the lesion is present. Treatment focuses on preventing the excess build-up of fluids and wastes, while allowing the kidneys to heal. Patents should be watched for deterioration of kidney function. Treatment can include: Identifying and treating the underlying cause of the problem Restricting fluid intake to a volume equal to the volume of urine produced Restricting substances normally removed by the kidneys (such as protein, sodium, potassium) to minimize their buildup in the body Taking medications to help control potassium levels in the bloodstream Taking water pills (diuretics) to increase fluid removal from the kidney Dialysis can remove excess waste and fluids. This can make you feel better, and may make the kidney failure easier to control. Dialysis...
Colds and flus are NOT cured by antibiotics.
Antibiotics - colds and flu
Antibiotics will fight bacterial infections, but they do not treat viral infections such as colds and the flu . If you have a viral infection, antibiotics will NOT make you better.
Antibiotics can destroy normal ("healthy") bacteria that live in your body. This can result in symptoms such as nausea, diarrhea, and vaginal yeast infections.
The overuse of antibiotics has contributed to the rise in drug-resistant bacterial infections. Taking antibiotics also poses a risk of allergic reactions, so they should not be taken when there is no possible benefit.
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