Bronchitis - acute
The goal of treatment is to relieve the symptoms.
In otherwise healthy people, antibiotics should only be prescribedafter 10-14 days of persistent cough. At that point, a bacterial infection or presence of sinusitis should be considered.
Medications called bronchodilators thatopen constricted air passages in the lungs (albuterol) are prescribed for patients with wheezing.
Decongestants (such as pseudoephedrine) may also help alleviate the symptoms of bronchitis. Medications that liquefy mucus secretions (mucolytic agents, like guaifenesin) may also be prescribed, but how well they work remains uncertain.
The patient will also be told torest, increase humidity (using a cool mist humidifier) to soothe air passages, and increase fluid intake tostay hydratedand to thin mucous lung secretions.
Symptoms usually abate within 7 to 14 days in the absence...
Chronic bronchitis is a lung disease that causes a cough with increased mucus production for at least three months in two consecutive years. It generally falls under the category of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, or COPD.
The most common cause is cigarette smoking, although the inhalation of irritants at work, air pollution and lung infections may also cause it. Considering most people develop this disease due to exposure to cigarette smoke, one might wonder: Why does smoking cause chronic bronchitis?
To best answer this question it’s helpful to understand the basics of airway anatomy, which is covered in the pithy post “ Your Journey Down the Respiratory Tract .” Knowledge of lung anatomy is helpful because long-term exposure to inhaled cigarette smoke may cause changes inside the airways. These changes may include:
1. Bronchial mucous glands become bigger : This causes increased mucus or secretion production...
Colds and flus are NOT cured by antibiotics.
Antibiotics - colds and flu
Antibiotics will fight bacterial infections, but they do not treat viral infections such as colds and the flu . If you have a viral infection, antibiotics will NOT make you better.
Antibiotics can destroy normal ("healthy") bacteria that live in your body. This can result in symptoms such as nausea, diarrhea, and vaginal yeast infections.
The overuse of antibiotics has contributed to the rise in drug-resistant bacterial infections. Taking antibiotics also poses a risk of allergic reactions, so they should not be taken when there is no possible benefit.
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