Bronchitis - acute
The goal of treatment is to relieve the symptoms.
In otherwise healthy people, antibiotics should only be prescribedafter 10-14 days of persistent cough. At that point, a bacterial infection or presence of sinusitis should be considered.
Medications called bronchodilators thatopen constricted air passages in the lungs (albuterol) are prescribed for patients with wheezing.
Decongestants (such as pseudoephedrine) may also help alleviate the symptoms of bronchitis. Medications that liquefy mucus secretions (mucolytic agents, like guaifenesin) may also be prescribed, but how well they work remains uncertain.
The patient will also be told torest, increase humidity (using a cool mist humidifier) to soothe air passages, and increase fluid intake tostay hydratedand to thin mucous lung secretions.
Symptoms usually abate within 7 to 14 days in the absence...
In honor of Get Smart About Antibiotics Week, November 14-20, 2011 , we are delving into the subjects of bacteria, viruses, appropriate use of antibiotics, and avoiding infection.
Bacteria and Antibiotics
Before the discovery of penicillin in 1928, bacterial infections were a major cause of death . Bacteria are single-celled organisms which can live both inside and outside of the human body, including on the surface of non-living objects. The bacteria, streptococcus pyogenes which is responsible for strep throat and some skin infections, was previously the cause of half of all post-birth deaths before penicillin (an early antimicrobial medication) came into common use. The bacteria, staphylococcus aureus, was fatal in 80 percent of infected wounds. Tuberculosis and pneumonia bacteria were also horribly dangerous.
Antimicrobial medications, or antibiotics, have saved countless lives during the past 80+ years. However, when they are not used appropriat...
Alternative Names Necrosis - renal tubular; ATN; Necrosis - acute tubular Treatment In most people, acute tubular necrosis is reversible. The goal of treatment is to prevent life-threatening complications of acute kidney failure during the time the lesion is present. Treatment focuses on preventing the excess build-up of fluids and wastes, while allowing the kidneys to heal. Patents should be watched for deterioration of kidney function. Treatment can include: Identifying and treating the underlying cause of the problem Restricting fluid intake to a volume equal to the volume of urine produced Restricting substances normally removed by the kidneys (such as protein, sodium, potassium) to minimize their buildup in the body Taking medications to help control potassium levels in the bloodstream Taking water pills (diuretics) to increase fluid removal from the kidney Dialysis can remove excess waste and fluids. This can make you feel better, and may make the kidney failure easier to control. Dialysis...
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