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Learn to Breathe Better with COPD
Living Well with COPD
Dealing with a COPD Flare Up
Understanding COPD: A Doctor Q&A
Firefighter Candidate Claims Lung Screening Unfair
The New York Post recently featured a story about an individual of Indian ancestry who is suing the Fire Department of New York for discrimination in the hiring practices. He passed all the entrance exams but failed the pulmonary function test (PFT). This individual claimed that these test metrics discriminate against various ethnic or racial groups. On the surface this story seems like another frivolous lawsuit, but is it? There is actually a scientific basis for his claim. What are Pulmonary Function Tests? It is a method of screening the function of the lungs. A chest X-ray provides a picture of the anatomy of the lungs, but does not tell you how well they function. A pulmonary function test (PFT) first measures how much air can be expelled from the lungs, after they are filled to maximum. That part of the test is known as the Forced Vital Capacity (FVC). Next the test measures how fast the air can be expired, forced expiratory volume in one second or FEV1. This specific step is an important measurement when evaluating conditions that affect the airways, such as asthma and COPD, where there is narrowing of the airways which causes a slowing of t
Eli Hendel, M.D.
The Link Between COPD and Sleep Disorders
About 50 percent of people with COPD also suffer from sleep disorders, or conditions that prevent a restful sleep. Here are three of the most common sleep disorders associated with COPD, signs and symptoms to watch out for, and possible treatments. 1. Hypoventilation This is a medical term describing a decreased rate and depth of breathing. Reduced breathing activity is normal during sleep, but generally causes no problems. Even if oxygen levels drop slightly, they remain at safe levels. However, people with lung disease may already have chronically decreased oxygen levels, so relaxed breathing activity may result in oxygen levels becoming dangerously low. Complicating this is the COPD disease process itself. Some have chronically elevated carbon dioxide levels. Some use accessory muslces to breathe, and these muscles are paralyzed while sleeping. Both of these processes may cause hypoventilation and unsafe
Leonard Nimoyâs Death Sheds Light on COPD Complications
Leonard Nimoy, a personality who everyone loved, died recently of complications of COPD. On the surface, COPD seems like a cause of death like any other serious chronic condition. We reflect on the life and living moments of this man. His death also brings up an important topic. COPD is an irreversible and progressive disease, but it is usually not a cause of death, like a heart attack of which often causes instant death, or cancer which can cause a slow but certain death. COPD causes complications, which makes the person struggle with breathing difficulties. You don’t die of COPD, you live with it and try to manage it the best you can. Ultimately, you die of “COPD complications,” which is especially sad when you consider the vitality of Leonard Nimoy, actor, poet, director and beloved husband and father. For an actor of stature, and for an average person, the disease is not a glamorous way to die. Other celebrities who had died from COPD Other well known personalities who died of complications of COPD incl
Eli Hendel, M.D.
The Link Between COPD and Smoking
Studies suggest that about 50 percent of people who smoke will develop lung disease. This might explain why so many smokers develop COPD, and why COPD is now the third leading cause of death in the U.S. So what is it that so closely links COPD with smoking? Chemicals. There are over 5,000 chemicals in a cigarette, and these are inhaled with both first and second hand smoke. They sit on the moist lining of the respiratory tract. While the exact mechanism is yet unknown, long term (chronic), or repeated, exposure to these chemicals has an influence on a person's genetics. Genetics. Genes cause the release of proteins, and each protein carries out some bodily function. So some genes and the proteins they make are responsible for the normal development and maintenance of lung tissue. Long-term exposure to chemicals in cigarette smoke may cause genetic mutations that result in proteins that destroy instead of build lung tissue. Since each person has a unique genetic makeup, the impact of genetics on COPD may vary from person to person. Tissues. The proteins from gene mutations cause changes within the lungs. Some prevent the normal developme
The Natural Progression of COPD
COPD worsens over time, but how does the process work? This graph will show you.
Quizzes and Assessments
Better Breathing with COPD
Lesser-Known Smoking Risks
6 Signs Your COPD is Getting Worse