Pneumonia, often called bronchopneumonia or bronchial pneumonia, can be a serious, even life-threatening, complication of COPD. When you have a chronic disease, your immune system is already compromised, making it harder to fight infections. Add to that the weakened airways and lung tissue that is part of COPD, and it is obvious how much of a threat a respiratory infection like pneumonia can be to someone who has COPD.
What Is Pneumonia?
Pneumonia is a respiratory infection that leads to inflammation and swelling in the bronchial tubes, known as bronchioles, and also tiny cells or airsacs at the end of the airways, called alveoli. Because COPD already causes similar issues, pneumonia results in an acute exacerbation of COPD.
What does that mean? Well, it means that there is an acute deterioration of respiratory symptoms. In particular, there will be increased breathlessness and cough, and an increase in the amount of sputum, as well as a change in the quality of t...
Pneumonia is a lung infection that can be caused by many different germs, including bacteria, viruses, and fungi.
This article discusses pneumonia that occurs in a person whose ability to fight infection is greatly reduced because their immune system is weakened and not working properly. Such disease is referred to as "pneumonia in an immunocompromised host."
(previously called Pneumocystis carinii
Pneumonia - cytomegalovirus
Pneumonia in immunodeficient patient; Pneumonia - immunocompromised host
Causes, incidence, and risk factors
People whose immune system is not working well are less able to fight off germs. Because of this state, they are more likely to become infected by g...
Introduction Pneumonia is inflammation of the lung that is most often caused by infection with bacteria, viruses, or other organisms. Occasionally, inhaled chemicals that irritate the lungs can cause pneumonia. Healthy people can usually fight off pneumonia infections. However, people who are sick, including those who are recovering from the flu (influenza) or an upper respiratory illness, have a weakened immune system. This makes it easier for bacteria to grow in their lungs. It is one of the top 10 causes of death in the U.S. and the 6th leading cause of death in the elderly (65 and older). Defining Pneumonia by Location in the Lung Pneumonia may be defined according to its location in the lung: Lobar pneumonia occurs in one part, or lobe, of the lung. Bronchopneumonia tends to be scattered throughout the lung. Defining Pneumonia by Origin of Infection Doctors often classify pneumonia based on where the disease is contracted. This helps predict which organisms are most likely responsible f...
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