FROM OUR EXPERTS
Is Obesity Contagious?
Before you grab me by my shoulders and begin shaking me hard while shouting in my face “what kind of question is that?” hear me out. I am not referring to the generic definition of contagious and suggesting that if you drink from the same glass as an obese person that you will begin to gain weight. Nor am I suggesting that a preventive inoculation can be administered at some point of the year that might be referred to as “obese season.” I am not saying that at all, so please, take your hands off my shoulders. Findings published in the 2007 New England Journal of Medicine cite the obesity contagion as a social experience. Not bacterial or viral, but something shared through interpersonal relationships. The Obesity We Share Social contagion occurs when people follow the example of friends or family and gain and lose weight along with them. Statistics showed that the chances of a person becoming obese increased by 57% if they had a frien...
Pneumonia, often called bronchopneumonia or bronchial pneumonia, can be a serious, even life-threatening, complication of COPD. When you have a chronic disease, your immune system is already compromised, making it harder to fight infections. Add to that the weakened airways and lung tissue that is part of COPD, and it is obvious how much of a threat a respiratory infection like pneumonia can be to someone who has COPD.
What Is Pneumonia?
Pneumonia is a respiratory infection that leads to inflammation and swelling in the bronchial tubes, known as bronchioles, and also tiny cells or airsacs at the end of the airways, called alveoli. Because COPD already causes similar issues, pneumonia results in an acute exacerbation of COPD.
What does that mean? Well, it means that there is an acute deterioration of respiratory symptoms. In particular, there will be increased breathlessness and cough, and an increase in the amount of sputum, as well as a change in the quality of t...
Medications Dozens of antibiotics are available for treating pneumonia, but selecting the best drug is sometimes difficult. Patients with pneumonia need an antibiotic that is effective against the organism causing the disease. When the organism is unknown, "empiric therapy" is given, meaning the doctor chooses which antibiotic is likely to work based on factors such as the patient's age, health, and severity of the illness. In determining the appropriate antibiotic, the physician must first answer a number of questions: How severe is the pneumonia? Mild-to-moderate cases can be treated at home with oral antibiotics. Severe pneumonia usually needs intravenous antibiotics administered in the hospital. If the organism causing the pneumonia is not known, was the disorder community- or hospital-acquired? Different organisms are usually involved in each setting, and the physician can use this information to guess the most likely organism causing the pneumonia. If the organism is known, is it typ...
You should know
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