Pneumonia, often called bronchopneumonia or bronchial pneumonia, can be a serious, even life-threatening, complication of COPD. When you have a chronic disease, your immune system is already compromised, making it harder to fight infections. Add to that the weakened airways and lung tissue that is part of COPD, and it is obvious how much of a threat a respiratory infection like pneumonia can be to someone who has COPD.
What Is Pneumonia?
Pneumonia is a respiratory infection that leads to inflammation and swelling in the bronchial tubes, known as bronchioles, and also tiny cells or airsacs at the end of the airways, called alveoli. Because COPD already causes similar issues, pneumonia results in an acute exacerbation of COPD.
What does that mean? Well, it means that there is an acute deterioration of respiratory symptoms. In particular, there will be increased breathlessness and cough, and an increase in the amount of sputum, as well as a change in the quality of t...
My husband suffers from bipolar disorder, and I have recently found myself becoming increasingly depressed. It almost feels as though his condition is contagious. Is it possible that my husband’s mental illness has influenced the emergence of my depression? The way you phrased your question exactly explains why the answer is no. If you had asked, "can someone being bipolar make me sad or depressed?" the answer would be obviously yes. Mood is reactive to events around it--you get sad when bad things happen, and depressed when really bad things happen. But here, "depression" is used as a specific disease that has nothing to do with sadness. This can be compared to phantom limb pain, which has nothing to do with actual painful stimuli being applied to your (missing) limb. Depression is a chemical imbalance that is outside of your control. The possibility of your husband's symptoms inducing similar symptoms in you would...
<p><strong>What Is Pneumonia?</strong></p>
<p>Pneumonia is a type of pneumonitis—an inflammation of the lungs that may be caused by the inhalation of irritating gases or particles or by an infection. When the inflammation is caused by an infectious microorganism, the term pneumonia is used.</p>
<p>The lungs have a complex system of defense: frequent branching and narrowing of the bronchial passages make it difficult for invaders to penetrate the lungs deeply; millions of tiny hairs, or cilia, in the bronchial lining constantly sweep particles out of the airways; the cough reflex forces irritating substances out of the lungs at high speed; and white blood cells, known as macrophages or scavenger cells, engulf and destroy many infectious agents.</p>
<p>Pneumonia is common, and can be a complication from a lingering cold or bout with influenza or bronchitis. Nearly half of community-acquired pneumonia cases are believed t...
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