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Pneumonia, often called bronchopneumonia or bronchial pneumonia, can be a serious, even life-threatening, complication of COPD. When you have a chronic disease, your immune system is already compromised, making it harder to fight infections. Add to that the weakened airways and lung tissue that is part of COPD, and it is obvious how much of a threat a respiratory infection like pneumonia can be to someone who has COPD.
What Is Pneumonia?
Pneumonia is a respiratory infection that leads to inflammation and swelling in the bronchial tubes, known as bronchioles, and also tiny cells or airsacs at the end of the airways, called alveoli. Because COPD already causes similar issues, pneumonia results in an acute exacerbation of COPD.
What does that mean? Well, it means that there is an acute deterioration of respiratory symptoms. In particular, there will be increased breathlessness and cough, and an increase in the amount of sputum, as well as a change in the quality of t...
HighlightsOverviewWhile the incidence of Pneumonia is declining, it remains a widespread and significant healthcare issue in the US, particularly among people who require long-term medical care. An aging population, antibiotic resistance and increasing healthcare costs make this a particularly challenging problem.Pneumonia symptoms vary among children, adults and the elderly.Distinguishing the symptoms for rapid diagnosis, beginning appropriate antibiotics early, and determining where care should be delivered (ICU, hospital or home) are key to positive outcomes.Tools may be used to determine the most appropriate level of care, such as the Pneumonia Severity Index (PSI), British Thoracic Society Rule (BSR), and the CURB-65.PrognosisIn a review of research evidence, statin use was shown to improve the outcome in patients with bacterial pneumonia. While this has been debated as a healthy user effect, additional analyses on these largely retrospective studies refute this claim. Researcher...
IntroductionPneumonia is inflammation of the lung that is most often caused by infection with bacteria, viruses, or other organisms. Occasionally, inhaled chemicals that irritate the lungs can cause pneumonia. Healthy people can usually fight off pneumonia infections. However, people who are sick, including those who are recovering from the flu (influenza) or an upper respiratory illness, have a weakened immune system. This makes it easier for bacteria to grow in their lungs. It is one of the top 10 causes of death in the U.S. and the 6th leading cause of death in the elderly (65 and older).Defining Pneumonia by Location in the LungPneumonia may be defined according to its location in the lung:Lobar pneumonia occurs in one part, or lobe, of the lung.Bronchopneumonia tends to be scattered throughout the lung.Defining Pneumonia by Origin of InfectionDoctors often classify pneumonia based on where the disease is contracted. This helps predict which organisms are most likely responsible f...
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