Emphysema is one of the main diseases included in the diagnosis “chronic obstructive pulmonary disease,” or COPD. The other is chronic bronchitis. Most people with COPD have a combination of both. Some people have mostly chronic bronchitis, while others have mostly emphysema. In most cases, COPD is a disease caused by cigarette smoking.
Recent research suggests that pipe and cigar smoking may also contribute to lung abnormalities. The lungs have two basic functions: to bring in oxygen from the air and get rid of carbon dioxide (CO2) that is produced as a normal part of the body’s metabolism. Both functions may be abnormal in COPD.
COPD is classified as mild, moderate, moderate-severe, severe, or very severe, and severity is determined mostly by the results of pulmonary function tests (PFTs, also know as lung function tests), which measure how much air a person can blow out of the lungs. COPD causes air to flow more slowly through the airways (tubes in t...
Research has shown an inverse relationship between magnesium and blood pressure. In other words, individuals with a high magnesium intake, typically have a low blood pressure.
Good sources of magnesium include:
Peas, beans, whole grains, nuts, seeds, lima beans, squash, broccoli, spinach, and seafood
Supplemental magnesium of ~500 mg can effectively lower blood pressure. Some studies have found magnesium supplements to reduce systolic blood pressure 2.7 mm Hg and diastolic 3.4 mm Hg. Discuss all supplements with your MD!
Missed a few days? Check out out our previous tips:
February 1: Start Slimming Down Your Recipes
February 2: Switch from Canned Veggies to Frozen
February 3: Wear a Pedometer
February 4: Eat Plant Sterols
February 5: Start a Food Journal
February 6: Select Darker Lettuce for Salads
February 7: Make a Date With Your Family
February 8: Slow Down and Taste Your Food
February 9: Drink Water. . . Water. . . and More Water...
Alternative Names High-density lipoprotein test Normal Values In general, your risk for heart disease, including a heart attack, increases if your HDL cholesterol level is less than 40 mg/dL. An HDL 60 mg/dL or above helps protect against heart disease. Women tend to have higher HDL cholesterol than men. Note: Normal value ranges may vary slightly among different laboratories. Talk to your doctor about the meaning of your specific test results. What abnormal results mean Low HDL levels may be a sign that you have an increased risk for atherosclerotic heart disease . A low HDL level may also be associated with: Familial combined hyperlipidemia Noninsulin-dependent diabetes (NIDD) Use of certain drugs such as anabolic steroids, antipsychotics, beta blockers, corticosteroids, and protease inhibitors
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