FROM OUR EXPERTS
Pneumonia, often called bronchopneumonia or bronchial pneumonia, can be a serious, even life-threatening, complication of COPD. When you have a chronic disease, your immune system is already compromised, making it harder to fight infections. Add to that the weakened airways and lung tissue that is part of COPD, and it is obvious how much of a threat a respiratory infection like pneumonia can be to someone who has COPD.
What Is Pneumonia?
Pneumonia is a respiratory infection that leads to inflammation and swelling in the bronchial tubes, known as bronchioles, and also tiny cells or airsacs at the end of the airways, called alveoli. Because COPD already causes similar issues, pneumonia results in an acute exacerbation of COPD.
What does that mean? Well, it means that there is an acute deterioration of respiratory symptoms. In particular, there will be increased breathlessness and cough, and an increase in the amount of sputum, as well as a change in the quality of t...
In this entry, I would like to review the impact that severe infections from a common pneumonia bacterium can have on asthmatics and discuss some recent research on how this has changed immunization schedules for asthmatics.
This new research has changed recommendations from the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the federal agency that monitors disease outbreaks and provides evidence-based recommendations on immunization (for kids and adults). Setting aside recommendations that apply to all individuals (especially infants and young children), there are often some modifying circumstances that have to do with health status that change recommendations - if a vaccine should be administered or not, whether a booster should be given, etc. Recent research on infections caused by a common respiratory bacterium Streptococcus pneumoniae (‘pneumococcus', in common usage) has expanded the indication for immuni...
Definition The MMR vaccine is a "3-in-1" vaccine that protects against measles , mumps , and rubella -- all of which are potentially serious diseases of childhood. Alternative Names Vaccine - MMR; Rubella vaccination; Mumps vaccination; Measles - mumps - rubella (MMR) vaccine Information WHO SHOULD GET THIS VACCINE The MMR is one of the recommended childhood immunizations. Usually, proof of MMR vaccination is needed to go to school. The first shot is given when the child is 12 to 15 months old. To make sure the child is properly protected, the vaccine must not be given too early. A second MMR shot is given before a child enters school at 4 - 6 years, but may be given at any time after that. Some states require a second MMR before a child starts kindergarten. Adults 18 years or older who were born after 1956 should also receive the MMR vaccine if: They are not sure whether or when they received an MMR They had only had one MMR vaccine before starting school Adults born during or before 1956 are beli...
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