In healthy men and women, urine does not contain any blood that can be seen with the eye, called "gross blood," nor does it contain red blood cells that can be discovered with the aid of a microscope. The discovery of either gross or microscopic blood in urine is a sure indication of the need to examine and evaluate the patient to discover the cause of this abnormality. The conditions that can lead to either gross or microscopic blood in the urine are many and varied. In adults, a careful history to describe the details of the bloody urine, a physical examination and laboratory studies are the first step in unearthing the cause. Imaging with x-rays, ultrasound, CAT/MRI scans are the next step and will usually discover the cause. In adult women, infection of the bladder or kidneys, urinary stones, and tumors of the urinary bladder, kidneys are the most common causes. In adult men, enlargement and/or infection of the prostate, bladder infection and...
Chronic sinusitis is inflammation of the air-filled spaces (sinuses) behind the forehead, cheeks, and eyes, which continues for a long time or keeps coming back.
See also: Sinusitis
Chronic sinus infection; Chronic sinusitis
Causes, incidence, and risk factors
The sinuses are openings in the bones around the nose. Four pairs of sinuses connect to small openings in the nose area. Normally, air passes in and out of the sinuses, and mucus and fluid drain from the sinuses into the nose.
Sinusitis is usually due to allergies or infection. When sinusitis keeps coming back or continues for a long period of time, it is considered chronic. Causes of chronic sinusitis include a deviated nasal septum or other blockage of the nose that can trap fluid in a sinus. Dental infections such as tooth abscess may spread into the sinus and also lead to chronic sinusitis. Allergy to the aspergillus species of fungus appears to ca...
In the past couple of years, saline nasal irrigations such as the NetiPot have swept the United States as an all natural treatment for nasal allergies and chronic sinusitis. But a couple of recent studies make me wonder if nasal irrigation just might not be quite the "wonder treatment" that it's been cracked up to be.
The First Study: Nasal Irrigations May Increase Infections
The idea behind rinsing your nasal passages out with saline is to sweep out allergens and mucus, thereby relieving allergy symptoms. People have been raving about the positive effects, and you can't argue the lower cost and less invasive approach than medication.
But now a new study presented at the annual meeting of the American College of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology by lead author, Dr. Talal Nsouli, a clinical professor of pediatrics and allergy/immunology at Georgetown University School of Medicine and director of Watergate & Burke Allergy & Asthma Centers, in Washington D.C. ...
You should knowAnswers to your question are meant to provide general health information but should not replace medical advice you receive from a doctor. No answers should be viewed as a diagnosis or recommended treatment for a condition. Content posted by community members does not necessarily reflect the views of Remedy Health Media, which also reserves the right to remove material deemed inappropriate.