A new study from the Harvard School of Public Health has found that pregnant mothers exposed to high levels of air pollution were twice as likely to have a child with autism compared to women exposed to low levels. That risk appeared to be higher if the woman was carrying a boy.
Getting enough shuteye could be an important factor in preventing type 2 diabetes, according to research from the Los Angeles Biomedical Research Institute. The scientists also concluded that men who don’t get enough sleep during the work week may be able to help stave off the condition by hitting the pillow for longer hours on weekends.
While technology to restore sight in people is still in its very early stages, researchers from Stanford University have created a retinal prosthesis that enabled blind rats to sense light. The scientists believe the device offers real promise in treating degenerative eye diseases in humans.
INFOGRAPHIC OF THE WEEK
To the well man, every day is a feast day.
People who eat more red meat over a long period of time have a higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes, according to new research from the National University of Singapore. The study found that increasing consumption by half a serving per day increased diabetes risk by 48 percent.
Though testosterone treatments are normally associated with aging men, the hormone has recently been found to improve verbal learning and memory among postmenopausal women. New research from Monash University in Australia determined that testosterone treatments could help protect aging women from cognitive decline.
- SLICE OF HISTORY
With one of her kidneys not functioning at all and the other working at only 10 percent, 49-year-old Ruth Tucker is wheeled into an operating room at the Little Company of Mary Hospital in Chicago. There, a team of surgeons, led by Dr. Richard Lawler, is waiting, along with at least 40 other doctors who are just watching, some of them standing on tables in the back. A kidney from a woman who has just died in an adjacent OR is brought into the room, and Lawler begins what will be the world’s first successful organ transplant. In an hour and a half, Tucker has a working kidney. She will live five more years before she dies of heart failure. Dr. Lawler makes history, but he will never do another transplant operation.