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Tomato-rich diet may lower breast cancer risk
Eating tomatoes may help lower breast cancer risk in postmenopausal women, according to new study.
Researchers from Rutgers University recruited 70 postmenopausal women and analyzed the effects of a tomato-rich diet on breast cancer risk over a period of about five months. In the first half of the study, the women ate a tomato-rich diet; in the second half, they eliminated tomatoes from their diet.
The results of the study, published in the Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, showed that sticking to a tomato-rich diet led to a 9 percent increase in levels of adiponectin—a hormone which helps regulate levels of fat and prevent obesity. Switching to a diet that excluded tomatoes resulted in decreased levels of the hormone.
Researchers said their findings suggest that eating tomatoes may help lower breast cancer risk because previous evidence has shown that weight gain and obesity is linked to a higher risk of breast cancer. They attributed tomatoes’ cancer-fighting properties to the antioxidant lycopene. Other foods rich in lycopene include watermelon, grapefruit and asparagus.