When you eat, your body breaks down the sugars and starches from food into glucose. The body uses insulin to convert glucose into energy. Glucose is the basic fuel for cells in your body. If your body does not produce enough insulin, you may develop diabetes. This also happens if your body's cells ignore insulin. When glucose builds up in the blood instead of going into cells, you can have diabetes complications.
Most of us are familiar with the two main types of diabetes: type 1 and type 2. Type 1 is primarily autoimmune; the autoantibodies (antibodies produced against your own cells) destroy most of the beta cells that produce insulin, so people with type 1 require insulin shots, although some people with type 1 have some insulin resistance and…