When you eat, your body breaks down the sugars and starches from food into glucose. The body uses insulin to convert glucose into energy. Glucose is the basic fuel for cells in your body. If your body does not produce enough insulin, you may develop diabetes. This also happens if your body's cells ignore insulin. When glucose builds up in the blood instead of going into cells, you can have diabetes complications.
For years, we have had terminology dividing diabetes into subgroups: there's "type 1" and "type 2" diabetes (type 1 is autoimmune diabetes with positive antibodies, typically showing up in children or teenagers, previously called IDDM or childhood-onset diabetes) (type 2 is insulin-resistant diabetes showing up in obese adults, whose…