If exercising more and eating better are not enough to control your blood sugar, your doctor may suggest oral medication. There are six classes of drugs that lower blood glucose levels. Each works in a different way. The six classes are sulfonylureas, meglitinides, biguanides, thiazolidinediones, alpha-glucosidase inhibitors, DPP-4 Inhibitors, and oral combination therapy.
When people with type 2 diabetes could take a pill instead of insulin to help us control our diabetes, smiles must have appeared on many faces. The pill was tolbutamide, and in the mid-1950s it became the first of the sulfonylurea class of drugs. But that was more than half a century ago. Meanwhile, we now have choices of pills we can use. In…