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Definition Large for gestational age (LGA) means that a fetus or infant is larger or more developed than normal for the baby's gestational age . Information Gestational age is a measure of the growth and development of the fetus in the uterus and the infant after birth. LGA refers to a fetus or infant who is larger than expected for the age and gender or with a birth weight above the 90th percentile. The measurement is based on the estimated gestational age of the fetus or infant, compared with what is considered normal height, weight, head size, and developmental level for a fetus or infant of the same age and gender. Common causes of a fetus or infant who is large for gestational age are: Gestational diabetes Prolonged pregnancy A baby that is large for gestational age has a higher risk of birth injury and complications of low blood sugar after delivery.
What is gestational diabetes mellitus? Pregnancy has typically been viewed as a statement of health, as it should be. In the midst of morning sickness, heartburn, exhaustion, and the excitement of pregnancy, women might be oblivious to other changes in their bodies that lead to developing gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). Gestational diabetes is defined as the development of glucose intolerance with the onset or first recognition during pregnancy. This is not to be confused with previously diagnosed diabetes. Gestational diabetes is diagnosed as the result of routine glucose tolerance screening on an otherwise healthy population of women. In women who are diagnosed with gestational diabetes, beta cells in the pancreas that produce insulin are unable to produce enough insulin to meet the body's needs. The beta cell defects in gestational diabetes result from the same causes as hyperglycemia in general, and includes autoimmune disease, genetic, and insulin resistance causes. Gesta...
A strong new report in the journal Diabetes Care illustrates why it's so important to control gestational diabetes . Uncontrolled blood sugar appears to greatly increase risk that a child will become overweight or even obese.
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Children of mothers who did not control their blood sugar during pregnancy were nearly twice as likely to be overweight or obese by ages 5 to 7 than kids of those moms with normal glucose. The higher the blood sugar, the higher the risks. But the children of diabetic mothers who controlled their blood sugar during pregnancy with diet, exercise and (if necessary) insulin were no more likely to be too heavy than kids of mothers with normal blood sugar.
This study in 50 words or less
Researchers studied weights of children aged 5 to 7 and compared them to their mothers' blood glucose levels during pregnancy. Children of mothers diagnosed with gestational diabetes were almost twice as likely to be overweight or obese than ...
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