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Definition Large for gestational age (LGA) means that a fetus or infant is larger or more developed than normal for the baby's gestational age . Information Gestational age is a measure of the growth and development of the fetus in the uterus and the infant after birth. LGA refers to a fetus or infant who is larger than expected for the age and gender or with a birth weight above the 90th percentile. The measurement is based on the estimated gestational age of the fetus or infant, compared with what is considered normal height, weight, head size, and developmental level for a fetus or infant of the same age and gender. Common causes of a fetus or infant who is large for gestational age are: Gestational diabetes Prolonged pregnancy A baby that is large for gestational age has a higher risk of birth injury and complications of low blood sugar after delivery.
A strong new report in the journal Diabetes Care illustrates why it's so important to control gestational diabetes . Uncontrolled blood sugar appears to greatly increase risk that a child will become overweight or even obese.
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Children of mothers who did not control their blood sugar during pregnancy were nearly twice as likely to be overweight or obese by ages 5 to 7 than kids of those moms with normal glucose. The higher the blood sugar, the higher the risks. But the children of diabetic mothers who controlled their blood sugar during pregnancy with diet, exercise and (if necessary) insulin were no more likely to be too heavy than kids of mothers with normal blood sugar.
This study in 50 words or less
Researchers studied weights of children aged 5 to 7 and compared them to their mothers' blood glucose levels during pregnancy. Children of mothers diagnosed with gestational diabetes were almost twice as likely to be overweight or obese than ...
Gestational diabetes is diabetes that occurs only during pregnancy. Diabetes is when your blood glucose level is too high. According to the National Diabetes Information Clearinghouse, between three and eight percent of pregnant women will develop gestational diabetes. Although the exact cause of gestational diabetes is not known, there are some theories. One is that hormones found in the placenta to help the baby grow block insulin from working in the mother. This creates insulin resistance. The mother’s body is not able to make and use the insulin it needs and blood glucose levels rise. Who is at Risk to Develop Gestational Diabetes? Any woman that is pregnant is at risk for developing gestational diabetes, however, there are some risk factors that increase the chances of developing this condition. If you have any of the following risk factors, talk with your doctor about regular screenings to help keep you, and your baby, healthy. Age: Wom...
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