FROM OUR EXPERTS
Let's test your knowledge: What are ketones?
Large amounts of sugar in the urine
Chemicals made when the body burns fat
Large amounts of protein in the urine
Small amounts of blood in the urine
As part of continuing education for our families, we developed a "ketone quiz." This quiz is the first of multiple "quizzes" that we will be giving our practice over the next few years to access our patient's knowledge about different diabetes related concepts. The quiz was given to all of our patients (type 1, type 2, etc.) who are seen in all of our locations. It was given to newly diagnosed patients who recently attended "Survival Skills" and "Concepts Class" as well as those with long-standing diabetes.
The results: The most popular answers were the following:
A. Large amounts of sugar in the urine (most popular) and
C. Large amounts of protein in the urine (second most popular).
A ketones urine test measures the presence or absence of ketones in the urine.
Ketone bodies - urine; Urine ketones
How the test is performed
The test requires a clean catch urine sample.
To obtain a clean catch sample, men or boys should clean the head of the penis. Women or girls need to wash the area between the lips of the vagina with soapy water and rinse well.
As you start to urinate, allow a small amount to fall into the toilet bowl to clear the urethra of contaminants. Then, put a clean container under your urine stream and catch 1 to 2 ounces of urine. Remove the container from the urine stream. Cap and mark the container and give it to the health care provider or assistant.
For infants, thoroughly wash the area around the urethra. Open a urine collection bag (a plastic bag with an adhesive paper on one end), and place it on the infant. For boys, the entire penis can be placed in the bag and the adhesive a...
Definition Ketones are substances produced when fat cells break down in the blood. A serum ketone test is a measurement of how many ketones are in the blood. Alternative Names Acetone bodies; Ketones - serum; Nitroprusside test; Ketone bodies - serum; Ketones - blood How the test is performed Blood is typically drawn from a vein, usually from the inside of the elbow or the back of the hand. The site is cleaned with germ-killing medicine (antiseptic). The health care provider wraps an elastic band around the upper arm to apply pressure to the area and make the vein swell with blood. Next, the health care provider gently inserts a needle into the vein. The blood collects into an airtight vial or tube attached to the needle. The elastic band is removed from your arm. Once the blood has been collected, the needle is removed, and the puncture site is covered to stop any bleeding. In infants or young children, a sharp tool called a lancet may be used to puncture the skin and make it bleed. The bloo...
You should know
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