Let's test your knowledge: What are ketones?
Large amounts of sugar in the urine
Chemicals made when the body burns fat
Large amounts of protein in the urine
Small amounts of blood in the urine
As part of continuing education for our families, we developed a "ketone quiz." This quiz is the first of multiple "quizzes" that we will be giving our practice over the next few years to access our patient's knowledge about different diabetes related concepts. The quiz was given to all of our patients (type 1, type 2, etc.) who are seen in all of our locations. It was given to newly diagnosed patients who recently attended "Survival Skills" and "Concepts Class" as well as those with long-standing diabetes.
The results: The most popular answers were the following:
A. Large amounts of sugar in the urine (most popular) and
C. Large amounts of protein in the urine (second most popular).
A ketones urine test measures the presence or absence of ketones in the urine.
Ketone bodies - urine; Urine ketones
How the test is performed
The test requires a clean catch urine sample.
To obtain a clean catch sample, men or boys should clean the head of the penis. Women or girls need to wash the area between the lips of the vagina with soapy water and rinse well.
As you start to urinate, allow a small amount to fall into the toilet bowl to clear the urethra of contaminants. Then, put a clean container under your urine stream and catch 1 to 2 ounces of urine. Remove the container from the urine stream. Cap and mark the container and give it to the health care provider or assistant.
For infants, thoroughly wash the area around the urethra. Open a urine collection bag (a plastic bag with an adhesive paper on one end), and place it on the infant. For boys, the entire penis can be placed in the bag and the adhesive a...
Ketones are good for you. No, they're bad. With one exception, I don't think that there's any diabetes disagreement that is more serious than this one about ketones. The exception is whether a low-carbohydrate diet is something that you should follow, particularly if you want to lose weight. Is a low-carb diet good or bad for you? Actually, some of the reason that we differ on the answer to that diet question is because we can't agree on ketones. We do know what ketones are. Ketones are acids released into the blood when your body breaks down its stores of fat and burns it for energy. Two things can cause your body to do that. One is when you don't have enough glucose to use for energy. The other is when your insulin level is too low. In either case your body then make ketones, which are waste products that might cause the acid level in your blood to become too high. Since ketones are a waste produce, you pass them in the urine. That means you can detect them wit...
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