Alternative Names Swelling of the ankles - feet - legs; Ankle swelling; Foot swelling; Leg swelling; Edema - peripheral; Peripheral edema Prevention Avoid sitting or standing without moving for prolonged periods of time. When flying, stretch your legs often and get up to walk when possible. When driving, stop to stretch and walk every hour or so. Avoid wearing restrictive clothing or garters around your thighs. Exercise regularly. Lose weight if you need to. References Goldman L. Approach to the patient with possible cardiovascular disease. In: Goldman L, Ausiello D, eds. Cecil Medicine . 23rd ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Saunders Elsevier; 2007:chap 48.
Ankle replacement is designed to treat arthritis of the ankle. This type of arthritis is most commonly caused by osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis or post-traumatic arthritis. Osteoarthritis is " wear and tear" of the cartilage in a joint . Rheumatoid arthritis is caused by a system-wide disease process, which affects the entire body. Osteoarthritis can affect isolated joints whereas rheumatoid arthritis usually affects multiple joints. Post-traumatic arthritis is the breakdown of cartilage which occurs after a joint has been injured, such as by a fracture. In a candidate for ankle replacement, the arthritis has typically progressed to a complete or near complete loss of cartilage on the surface of the ankle bones.
In a normal ankle joint, the surface of the bones touching each other have a smooth layer of cartilage covering them. We don't feel pain in a normal ankle when walking or standing, because the cartilage does not have nerves and we therefore do not feel sensation...
You should knowAnswers to your question are meant to provide general health information but should not replace medical advice you receive from a doctor. No answers should be viewed as a diagnosis or recommended treatment for a condition. Content posted by community members does not necessarily reflect the views of Remedy Health Media, which also reserves the right to remove material deemed inappropriate.