Definition End-stage kidney disease is the complete, or almost complete failure of the kidneys to function. The main function of the kidneys is to remove wastes and excess water from the body. Alternative Names Renal failure - end stage; Kidney failure - end stage; ESRD Causes, incidence, and risk factors End-stage kidney disease (ESRD) occurs when the kidneys are no longer able to function at a level needed for day-to-day life. It usually occurs when chronic kidney disease has worsened to the point at which kidney function is less than 10% of normal. ESRD almost always follows chronic kidney disease. A person may have gradual worsening of kidney function for 10 - 20 years or more before progressing to ESRD. Patients who have reached this stage need dialysis or a kidney transplant . The most common causes of ESRD in the U.S. are diabetes and high blood pressure . See Chronic kidney disease for a complete list of causes.
You develop diabetes which can lead to depression which can lead to unhealthy habits which can lead to a worsening of diabetes and.....the vicious cycle continues.
Experts know that depression can have a severely negative impact on physical health. Studies now show that there's a connection between the severity of depressive symptoms and the increased likelihood of developing type 2 diabetes. And patients already coping with diabetes - are at risk of developing or exacerbating their depression. So patients and doctors need to understand the duality interaction between the two conditions.
What the studies have also shown is that if depression is instigated, the diabetes patient will typically turn to more food or less healthy food, which, will clearly make their blood sugars run high and cause further damage internally. They may also smoke, drink alcohol or abandon exercise (if it was in place) due to ongoing depression - all things that will...
<p><strong>What Is Diabetes?</strong></p>
<p>Diabetes mellitus is a metabolic disorder with abnormally high blood glucose levels (hyperglycemia) as its most prominent feature. During intestinal digestion, carbohydrates and proteins are broken down into simple sugars and amino acids, respectively. The liver converts all of the sugars and some of the amino acids into glucose, a simple sugar that is used for energy by every cell in the body.</p>
<p>Glucose passes from the bloodstream into the cells with the help of insulin, a hormone produced by the pancreas (a pear-shaped organ located just below the stomach). By attaching to receptor sites on the surface membrane of a cell, insulin promotes the movement of glucose-transport proteins from the interior of the cell to its surface, where they bind with glucose and carry it into the cell. In diabetes mellitus, several problems may interfere with this process: pancreatic insulin production may be p...
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