FROM OUR EXPERTS
In healthy men and women, urine does not contain any blood that can be seen with the eye, called "gross blood," nor does it contain red blood cells that can be discovered with the aid of a microscope. The discovery of either gross or microscopic blood in urine is a sure indication of the need to examine and evaluate the patient to discover the cause of this abnormality. The conditions that can lead to either gross or microscopic blood in the urine are many and varied. In adults, a careful history to describe the details of the bloody urine, a physical examination and laboratory studies are the first step in unearthing the cause. Imaging with x-rays, ultrasound, CAT/MRI scans are the next step and will usually discover the cause. In adult women, infection of the bladder or kidneys, urinary stones, and tumors of the urinary bladder, kidneys are the most common causes. In adult men, enlargement and/or infection of the prostate, bladder infection and...
Urgent urination; Urinary frequency or urgency
For nighttime urination, avoid excessive fluid before going to bed, particularly coffee, other caffeinated beverages, and alcohol.
Carter C, Stallworth J, Holleman R. Urinary tract disorders. In: Bope ET, Rakel RE, Kellerman R, eds. Conns Current Therapy 2010 . 1st ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Saunders Elsevier; 2010:chap 52.
Holroyd-Leduc JM, Tannenbaum C, Thorpe KE, Straus SE. What type of urinary incontinence does this woman have? JAMA . 2008 Mar 26;299(12):1446-56.
Foster RT Sr. Uncomplicated urinary tract infections in women. Obstet Gynecol Clin North Am . 2008 Jun;35(2):235-48, viii.
Barry MJ, McNaughton-Collins M. Benign prostate disease and prostatitis. In: Goldman L, Ausiello D, eds. Cecil Medicine . 23rd ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Saunders Elsevier; 2007:chap 130.
A bronchdodilator is a quick-relief asthma medicine that relaxes the airways in the lungs so it's easier to breathe. They are often prescribed in conjunction with anti-inflammatory asthma medicines . Some bronchodilatoraholics are hard-luck asthmatics who just need help breathing very often. While others are regular asthmatics whose asthma is out of control. But some bronchodilatoraholics are abusers, taking their asthma medicine more out of habit than necessity. They may also ignore the directions given to them by their doctor. Abusers don't work with their doctors on an asthma action plan and they may not bother with controller, anti-inflammatory medications . For them, puffing away is like a bad habit -- like biting your fingernails. In contrast, some hard-luck asthmatics may just need their bronchodilator frequently -- many times a day, every day. Asthma Attitude: "Just one more puff, and I'll be fine." Asthma Strengths: They know not to wait until they have...
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