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Foot care for diabetics
American Diabetes Association. Standards of medical care in diabetes -- 201. Diabetes Care . 201;34:S11-S61.
Inzuchhi SE and Sherwin RS. Type 1 diabetes mellitus. In: Goldman L, Ausiello D, eds. Cecil Medicine . 23rd ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Saunders Elsevier; 2007:chap 247.
Inzuchhi SE and Sherwin RS. Type 2 diabetes mellitus. In: Goldman L, Ausiello D, eds. Cecil Medicine . 23rd ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Saunders Elsevier; 2007:chap 248.
If you have diabetes , you might have dry skin. Glucose levels can affect your skin, when they are high, your skin is dry. Neuropathy can also cause dry skin on your feet and legs. Skin problems from dry skin include cracking, itching and infection. The following are tips to help keep your skin healthy when you have diabetes:
Use a moisturizer every day. Keeping your skin moisturized is the simplest way to prevent skin problems. Apply moisturizer after bathing when your skin is damp. Avoid using moisturizer between your toes.
Treat cuts immediately. Wash the area with soap and water and cover if necessary. If you have neuropathy pay careful attention to your legs and feets as you can have a cut or scratch and not know it is there because your nerves aren’t sending messages of pain to your brain.
Avoid scratching cuts or scratches as this can increase the chance for infection. Apply a moisturizer instead.
Keep baths and showers warm, but not hot. Hot water washes away the natural...
Pain - foot
Apply ice to reduce pain and swelling. Do this just after an activity that aggravates your pain.
Elevate your painful foot as much as possible.
Reduce activity until the problem improves.
Wear foot pads in areas of friction or pressure. This will prevent rubbing and irritation.
Take over-the-counter pain medicine, like ibuprofen or acetaminophen. Try this for 2 to 3 weeks (unless you have a history of an ulcer, liver disease, or other condition that does not allow you to take one of these drugs).
For plantar warts, try an over-the-counter wart removal preparation.
For calluses, soak in warm water and then rub them down with a pumice stone. Do NOT cut or burn corns or calluses.
For foot pain caused by a stress fracture, an extended rest period is often necessary. Crutches may be used for a week or so to take the pressure off, if your foot is particularly painful.
For foot pain due to plant...
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